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Australia – Fact Files

Australia – Fact Files

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History of Australia
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Australia - Fact Files
first people came from Asia between 40,000 and 70,000 years ag

Australia – Fact Files

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Mündliche Prüfung: History of Australia, Aborigines, Climate and Geography, The Outback, School of the Air, Sports

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9e English History of Australia ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Australia - Fact Files first people came from Asia between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago, are called Aboriginal Australians they spread all over the continent and create different trade routes Aborigines changed landscape with fire and developed the oldest rock art in the world When the first Europeans came to Australia in the 16th century, nobody knew how many Aborigines were living there but the figure was between 30,000 and 1 million. Aborigines 1606: first landing by a European, Dutch navigator named Willem Janszoon in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook arrived in Australia and charted the east coast for Great Britain 1788: British started a colony for convicts in what is now Sydney next 80 years: they brought over 160,000 convicts to Australia after that, more British colonies were established on the continent, later became states Aborigines were greatly weakened and their numbers diminished by diseases and conflicts during this time mid-19th century: parliamentary democracies began being made throughout the six British colonies 1901: the colonies united in a federation, Australia became independent Australia fought for Great Britain in both World Wars and it became a long-time ally of the United States Native Australians are the oldest population of humans living outside of Africa originally spoke over 250 languages came to Australia 40,000 - 60,000 years ago consist of clans and tribes originally...

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hunters and collectors developed the first rock art (dot painting) stories of the 'Dreaming' show how they think the world began, they worship the natural world many of them were killed by Europeans or diseases brought to Australia by Europeans still have to fight for equal rights nowadays speak 'normal' Australian English or Aborigine-English paint their bodies for cultural ceremonies nowadays live like white Australians but under slightly less developed conditions their flag has the colours black, red and yellow ● developed the boomerang, originally used for hunting animals ● stolen generation (1910-1970): fair skinned mixed race children taken away from their Aboriginal families and put into home to be raised in a European way Uluru is a sacred place for the Aborigines ● an enormous red rock in the middle of the desert ● changes colour when the sun rises or when it rains ● Aborigines ask tourists not to climb it, but you can walk around it, touch it, go into its caves the "Dreaming" explains how holes in Uluru were created by a red lizard called Tatji trying to get a stick out again that he had thrown into Uluru 9e English ● Climate and Geography Climate ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● the lizard was not able to get the stick out again and died in a cave, its body turned into stones that are still there today in caves there are ancient Aboriginal paintings Australia - Fact Files in summer (December to February) average temperatures range between 20°C and 35°C Geography Ge pods Put The Outback T "in the middle of nowhere" nearest towns can be 300 miles away (Jeannie) no doctors, schools or cinemas #beves FA oviy Some Man WESTERN AUSTRALIA www. Ey teeme in winter (June to August) the range is between 3°C and 20°C Australia is closer to the equator than Europe → sun is stronger highest rate of skin cancer in the world (Australians are of European origin so they have fair skin) Australia is close to the ozone hole → more ultraviolet rays get through the earth's atmosphere Australians like to spend a lot of time outside, suntan seen as cool and healthy ways to protect yourself from the sun: put on sunscreen; wear protective clothes, a hat and some sunglasses; try to stay in the shade the average annual rainfall is around 165 mm the world's largest island Australia has a population of 21.2 million capital: Canberra largest city: Sydney (4.3 million people) the big Australian cities are located on the east coast (Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney, Brisbane, ...) ethnic groups in Australia: 89.5% white, 7% Asian, 2.5% Aboriginal, 1% other Australia is famous for the Sydney Opera House (it looks like a shell) Arature Sex NORTHERN TERRITORY Southere Ocen AUSTRALIEN Tres Swat QUEENSLAND located in the southern hemisphere → summer in Australia is our winter and our summer is their winter VICTORIA M செபிவள் ஸ்ே O TASMANIEN NK 75* * the Australian flag: at the upper hoist quarter is the Union Jack (national flag of the United Kingdom), at the lower hoist quarter is the large white seven-pointed star (the Commonwealth Star symbolizes the Federation of Australia), the fly includes the Southern Cross constellation (can always be seen from Australia) Australia has a land area from 7,692,000 km² Tamthe i Basma H 84 Carl See Baltungen O Dirlalநீ t l de Sy Poate https://www.pinterest.de/pin/764767580444466708/ 9e English Australia - Fact Files ● children and teenagers living in the outback attend the "School of the Air" teenagers have computer friends or do things on their own like riding a dirt bike or horseback riding only few people live together on stations or in villages but mainly with animals ● INFO-BOX The outback refers to the arid inland areas of Australia or simply any part of Australia where few people live. It is made up of a wide variety of landforms including shrub- land, desert ranges, salt lakes and grasslands. In the more tropical north there are flood plains, estuaries and eucalyptus forests. The Outback is now a popular tourist destination but due to its isolation travelling in the Outback can be dangerous. When driving you have to watch out for road trains which create a lot of dust and take up a lot of space on the road. Animals such as kangaroos and camels are also hazards on the road and crocodiles and snakes can be deadly. There are many tourist safaris and tours which explore the Outback and show people how Aborigines have successfully lived there for thousands of years. Sheep farming is the second-largest type of livestock farming after cattle farms. Aus- tralia produces the most sheep meat and wool of any country in the world. Australian sheep farms extend over many thousands of hectares and the sheep are herded using farm dogs, horses and motorcycles. Merino sheep, which produce very high quality wool and originally come from Spain, have adapted well to the Australian cli- mate. Most sheep farms can be found in Victoria, New South Wales and Western Aus- tralia. However, sheep farming is still very challenging on the world's driest inhabited continent. Farmers often have to fight with drought and bushfires and protect their livestock from dingoes. 9e English Australia - Fact Files Christmas on the beach Just like the British, Australians put up Christmas trees, sing carols, give gifts and eat lots of food at Christmas time. However, there is one difference: Christmas is celebra- ted in the summer. While the traditional roast turkey is still popular, many people prefer to eat cold ham, seafood or even have a barbecue. And rather than staying in- side, the beach is a popular destination for Australians at Christmas and New Year. Bondi Beach in Sydney now attracts thousands of international visitors every year on Christmas Day. With more than 47,000 km of coastline and no privately-owned beaches, the seaside is the most popular area of recreation for Australians, most of whom live near the coast. Australian wildlife Australia is home to a vast number of different animals, including over 200 species of marsupial. Marsupials, mammals which suckle their young in pouches, have survived so well in Australia because of its geographical isolation. They include species such as the possum, koala, wombat and kangaroo. The kangaroo is, along with the emu, one of Australia's national symbols. There are many types of kangaroo, the red kangaroo being the largest. They can weigh up to 90 kg, be up to two metres tall and reach speeds of 70 km/h. Hopping is a very energy-efficient way of getting around, and this is important for kangaroos and wallabies because they must travel long distances through the desert to find food. 9e English School of the Air ● ● Sports Surfing ● ● Diving ● ● Cricket ● ● not a local school → accessed using a computer (like home schooling in quarantine) you do not need to sit in a classroom → you can sit anywhere while the teachers sit in studios Australia - Fact Files class and teaches are far away → you can see them through webcams the classes meet about three times a year in one-week courses 1944: first idea of School of the Air 1951: the first School of the Air started (in Alice Springs) at the beginning: radio broadcasts → students can hear the teacher then: two way radio → students can hear the teachers and can ask questions nowadays: computers and internet → webcams, talking and listening teachers, parents and governesses (a person who lives with the family, organizes and supervises the children's school day) are involved in the children's education leading country in surfing big competitions in Australia you need a wetsuit and a surfboard you can dive on Great Barrier Reef you can swim with the giant gentle whale shark you can see sea lions and dolphins you can swim through underwater maze caves each team consists of 11 players very fast ball (up to 150 km/h) certain timescale in which the game must be completed one team bats first and one team fields first main summer sport Australian Rules football (Aussie rules) ● winter game ● fast, exciting, typical Australian mix of football and rugby ● egg-shaped ball ● ball can be kicked or passed with hands no protection worn ● played on football field

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Australia – Fact Files

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Helferin   

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6 Followers

 9e English
History of Australia
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Australia - Fact Files
first people came from Asia between 40,000 and 70,000 years ag

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Mündliche Prüfung: History of Australia, Aborigines, Climate and Geography, The Outback, School of the Air, Sports

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9e English History of Australia ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Australia - Fact Files first people came from Asia between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago, are called Aboriginal Australians they spread all over the continent and create different trade routes Aborigines changed landscape with fire and developed the oldest rock art in the world When the first Europeans came to Australia in the 16th century, nobody knew how many Aborigines were living there but the figure was between 30,000 and 1 million. Aborigines 1606: first landing by a European, Dutch navigator named Willem Janszoon in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook arrived in Australia and charted the east coast for Great Britain 1788: British started a colony for convicts in what is now Sydney next 80 years: they brought over 160,000 convicts to Australia after that, more British colonies were established on the continent, later became states Aborigines were greatly weakened and their numbers diminished by diseases and conflicts during this time mid-19th century: parliamentary democracies began being made throughout the six British colonies 1901: the colonies united in a federation, Australia became independent Australia fought for Great Britain in both World Wars and it became a long-time ally of the United States Native Australians are the oldest population of humans living outside of Africa originally spoke over 250 languages came to Australia 40,000 - 60,000 years ago consist of clans and tribes originally...

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hunters and collectors developed the first rock art (dot painting) stories of the 'Dreaming' show how they think the world began, they worship the natural world many of them were killed by Europeans or diseases brought to Australia by Europeans still have to fight for equal rights nowadays speak 'normal' Australian English or Aborigine-English paint their bodies for cultural ceremonies nowadays live like white Australians but under slightly less developed conditions their flag has the colours black, red and yellow ● developed the boomerang, originally used for hunting animals ● stolen generation (1910-1970): fair skinned mixed race children taken away from their Aboriginal families and put into home to be raised in a European way Uluru is a sacred place for the Aborigines ● an enormous red rock in the middle of the desert ● changes colour when the sun rises or when it rains ● Aborigines ask tourists not to climb it, but you can walk around it, touch it, go into its caves the "Dreaming" explains how holes in Uluru were created by a red lizard called Tatji trying to get a stick out again that he had thrown into Uluru 9e English ● Climate and Geography Climate ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● the lizard was not able to get the stick out again and died in a cave, its body turned into stones that are still there today in caves there are ancient Aboriginal paintings Australia - Fact Files in summer (December to February) average temperatures range between 20°C and 35°C Geography Ge pods Put The Outback T "in the middle of nowhere" nearest towns can be 300 miles away (Jeannie) no doctors, schools or cinemas #beves FA oviy Some Man WESTERN AUSTRALIA www. Ey teeme in winter (June to August) the range is between 3°C and 20°C Australia is closer to the equator than Europe → sun is stronger highest rate of skin cancer in the world (Australians are of European origin so they have fair skin) Australia is close to the ozone hole → more ultraviolet rays get through the earth's atmosphere Australians like to spend a lot of time outside, suntan seen as cool and healthy ways to protect yourself from the sun: put on sunscreen; wear protective clothes, a hat and some sunglasses; try to stay in the shade the average annual rainfall is around 165 mm the world's largest island Australia has a population of 21.2 million capital: Canberra largest city: Sydney (4.3 million people) the big Australian cities are located on the east coast (Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney, Brisbane, ...) ethnic groups in Australia: 89.5% white, 7% Asian, 2.5% Aboriginal, 1% other Australia is famous for the Sydney Opera House (it looks like a shell) Arature Sex NORTHERN TERRITORY Southere Ocen AUSTRALIEN Tres Swat QUEENSLAND located in the southern hemisphere → summer in Australia is our winter and our summer is their winter VICTORIA M செபிவள் ஸ்ே O TASMANIEN NK 75* * the Australian flag: at the upper hoist quarter is the Union Jack (national flag of the United Kingdom), at the lower hoist quarter is the large white seven-pointed star (the Commonwealth Star symbolizes the Federation of Australia), the fly includes the Southern Cross constellation (can always be seen from Australia) Australia has a land area from 7,692,000 km² Tamthe i Basma H 84 Carl See Baltungen O Dirlalநீ t l de Sy Poate https://www.pinterest.de/pin/764767580444466708/ 9e English Australia - Fact Files ● children and teenagers living in the outback attend the "School of the Air" teenagers have computer friends or do things on their own like riding a dirt bike or horseback riding only few people live together on stations or in villages but mainly with animals ● INFO-BOX The outback refers to the arid inland areas of Australia or simply any part of Australia where few people live. It is made up of a wide variety of landforms including shrub- land, desert ranges, salt lakes and grasslands. In the more tropical north there are flood plains, estuaries and eucalyptus forests. The Outback is now a popular tourist destination but due to its isolation travelling in the Outback can be dangerous. When driving you have to watch out for road trains which create a lot of dust and take up a lot of space on the road. Animals such as kangaroos and camels are also hazards on the road and crocodiles and snakes can be deadly. There are many tourist safaris and tours which explore the Outback and show people how Aborigines have successfully lived there for thousands of years. Sheep farming is the second-largest type of livestock farming after cattle farms. Aus- tralia produces the most sheep meat and wool of any country in the world. Australian sheep farms extend over many thousands of hectares and the sheep are herded using farm dogs, horses and motorcycles. Merino sheep, which produce very high quality wool and originally come from Spain, have adapted well to the Australian cli- mate. Most sheep farms can be found in Victoria, New South Wales and Western Aus- tralia. However, sheep farming is still very challenging on the world's driest inhabited continent. Farmers often have to fight with drought and bushfires and protect their livestock from dingoes. 9e English Australia - Fact Files Christmas on the beach Just like the British, Australians put up Christmas trees, sing carols, give gifts and eat lots of food at Christmas time. However, there is one difference: Christmas is celebra- ted in the summer. While the traditional roast turkey is still popular, many people prefer to eat cold ham, seafood or even have a barbecue. And rather than staying in- side, the beach is a popular destination for Australians at Christmas and New Year. Bondi Beach in Sydney now attracts thousands of international visitors every year on Christmas Day. With more than 47,000 km of coastline and no privately-owned beaches, the seaside is the most popular area of recreation for Australians, most of whom live near the coast. Australian wildlife Australia is home to a vast number of different animals, including over 200 species of marsupial. Marsupials, mammals which suckle their young in pouches, have survived so well in Australia because of its geographical isolation. They include species such as the possum, koala, wombat and kangaroo. The kangaroo is, along with the emu, one of Australia's national symbols. There are many types of kangaroo, the red kangaroo being the largest. They can weigh up to 90 kg, be up to two metres tall and reach speeds of 70 km/h. Hopping is a very energy-efficient way of getting around, and this is important for kangaroos and wallabies because they must travel long distances through the desert to find food. 9e English School of the Air ● ● Sports Surfing ● ● Diving ● ● Cricket ● ● not a local school → accessed using a computer (like home schooling in quarantine) you do not need to sit in a classroom → you can sit anywhere while the teachers sit in studios Australia - Fact Files class and teaches are far away → you can see them through webcams the classes meet about three times a year in one-week courses 1944: first idea of School of the Air 1951: the first School of the Air started (in Alice Springs) at the beginning: radio broadcasts → students can hear the teacher then: two way radio → students can hear the teachers and can ask questions nowadays: computers and internet → webcams, talking and listening teachers, parents and governesses (a person who lives with the family, organizes and supervises the children's school day) are involved in the children's education leading country in surfing big competitions in Australia you need a wetsuit and a surfboard you can dive on Great Barrier Reef you can swim with the giant gentle whale shark you can see sea lions and dolphins you can swim through underwater maze caves each team consists of 11 players very fast ball (up to 150 km/h) certain timescale in which the game must be completed one team bats first and one team fields first main summer sport Australian Rules football (Aussie rules) ● winter game ● fast, exciting, typical Australian mix of football and rugby ● egg-shaped ball ● ball can be kicked or passed with hands no protection worn ● played on football field