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Nigeria

Nigeria

 Abitur 2022
Nigeria
1. general information
206.1 million citizens
has the largest population of Africa
7th most populated country in the wo

Nigeria

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lotta

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11/12/13

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general information history ethnic groups economy Lagos problems of Nigeria potentials of Nigeria

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Abitur 2022 Nigeria 1. general information 206.1 million citizens has the largest population of Africa 7th most populated country in the world located on the western coast of Africa Englisch Grundkurs 2. history pre-colonial era Nigeria is a diverse multi-ethnic country with more than 520 spoken languages Lagos is the country's largest & most populous city with about 15 million inhabitants Nigeria has the largest economy in Africa due to its export market Nigeria was populated around 5000 BC diversity with many different ethnic groups: Yoruba (west), Fulani & Hausa (north), Igbo (south-east) 1922 onwards 1947 onwards 1954 1976 rise, fall or transformation of territories caused by changes in climate, economic interests, or religious/cultural differences 1500 AD: the Portuguese slave trade to America began along Nigeria's coast colonial era beginning - slave ports were established especially around Lagos of the 18th century 1807 early 19th century mid-19th century end of 19th century 1914 post-colonial era Oct. 1st 1960 1963 Lotta Meiners - British missionaries built schools & spread their Christian beliefs, lan- guage & culture - abolishment of the slave trade - the Fulani people started a holy war against the Hausa & created a separate Muslim empire & judicial system in the north - Nigeria's ports & the export of natural resources & agricultural goods came under the control of Britain's Royal Niger Company - the whole country was under British control - a division between Muslim north & Christian south - unification of Nigeria as a British colony...

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titled "Colony & Protectorate of Nigeria" - constitutional developments began in the South - a legislative council ruled the South - its members were predominantly European - the legislative council ruled the whole country - now made up of more African than European members - Nigeria became a federation - nationalization of the oil industry - it remained dominated by British colonies - Nigeria became independent from Britain - establishment as a Federal Republic 1 Abitur 2022 1966 - 1970 1975 - 1983 1983 - 1985 1995 1996 2003 2010 - 2015 2015 2019 current situation since 2009 - Boko Haram has led a campaign of violence in the north-eastern re- gions of Nigeria Englisch Grundkurs Hausa - a military regime took power in 1966 because ethnic tensions between Nigeria's north & south could no longer be controlled - civil war / "Biafran war" - around 1million people were killed - the first period of Nigerian democracy - civilian administration regained power Lotta Meiners - a military coup ended this - made Major General Muhammadu Buhari (head of state till 1985) - the EU imposed sanctions on Nigeria - suspension of Nigeria's membership in the Commonwealth for 3 years - 5 political parties gained power - the regime adopted a programme of democratic reform - the first legislative election since the end of military rule in 1999 was held in April - Goodluck Ebele Jonathan got elected President - the Nigerian economy boomed 3. ethnic groups a time characterized by corruption, neglect of education, health, infra- structure & agriculture - many suicide bombings & kidnappings in the north-east - Muhammadu Buhari was the first opposition candidate to become Ni- gerian president - re-election of Muhammadu Buhari in February the country is facing several challenges violence caused by Boko Haram is still a big problem the country is still victim to frequent suicide bombings minority groups in the Niger Delta feel they are being exploited by foreign oil corporations demand more control over oil resources violence between different ethnicities as well as instances of piracy, kidnappings & the bombing of oil pipes in Niger Delta Nigeria is a multi-ethnic nation there are more than 250 ethnic groups the three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa (north), Igbo (south-east) & Yoruba (south-west) together they account for roughly 68% of the population the rest of Nigerians ethnic groups live all over the country the ethnic identity of each individual group usually centres around a common language, shared religion, values, traditions & customs (in terms of food, traditional clothing, ...) 2 Abitur 2022 lifestyle: Yoruba territory: population: religion: languages: Igbo Englisch Grundkurs the absolute rulers are called Emirs their word is basically the law they are supported by a powerful council called "Mallamai": enforce the will of the Emir & Sharia law very conservative women are often seen as second-class citizens territory: population: religion: languages: they are rarely allowed to work or obtain education often serve as house slaves for their husbands men traditionally have more than one wife & mistresses northern Nigeria about 35.7 million strict conservative Islam with the enforcement of the Sharia law Hausa territory: population: religion: languages: lifestyle: men rule their families & have more than one wife & mistresses polygamous family model in bigger cities women have more rights 4. economy oil industry Lotta Meiners south-western Nigeria about 41.7 million Christianity, Islam & their own religious & cultural beliefs Yoruba & Yoruboid languages lifestyle: they have strong & independent women south-eastern Nigeria about 31.5 million Christianity mixed with indigenous Igbo religion & belief system Igbo & Igboid languages with a huge number of dialects oil has been discovered in 1956 Nigeria depends on the oil industry oil has a huge influence on the stability of Nigeria's economy 75% of Nigeria's export earnings come from oil a lot of the oil profit is made by British companies Shell which provides 70% of Nigeria's oil production Niger Delta has a lot oil deposits 3 Abitur 2022 problems: Nigeria National Petroleum company (NNPC): was founded in 1977 an oil regulator & a corporation at the same time the NNPC works & cooperates with international oil companies the oil companies pay for the licences & taxes on the profits NNPC sends this money to the Nigerian government it has happened that revenues went missing & the money didn't get transferred to the government negative effects on the environment: Englisch Grundkurs Nollywood bad working conditions criminal gangs steel oil & make profit from it on the black market (2019 22 million barrels of oil were stolen & sold on the black market) only a few already rich people benefit from the oil revenue the poor population such as farmers are affected negatively contamination & pollution of water agricultural fields are contaminated fish get poisoned, birds are soaked in oil, plants die abandoned villages Nigeria's growing film industry 3rd biggest film industry worldwide the industry enables many jobs that are well paid started in the 1980s in Lagos 5. Lagos Lotta Meiners they are producing about 2000 film a year the films tell Nigerian stories dreams & realities political motives Nollywood presents Africa authentically (Hollywood presents Africa as a poor & problematic continent) they have less material than other film industries & therefore film in normal flats academia & festivals were interested & spread the popularity it's a voice for Nigerians & the Nigerian experience is presented pro/contra Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria former capital of Nigeria one of the fastest growing cities in the world a city of extremes & sharp social & economic contrasts it is often called the city of optimists & city of opportunities work hard to be successful 4 Abitur 2022 pro -generates around 10% of Nigeria's GDP¹ - hosts 65% of Nigerians businesses & headquarters of multinational corpora- tions - has an expanding upper class - well-paying jobs - many entrepreneurs one of the largest tech hubs on the con- tinent - fashion & art capital of West Africa - high living standards 6. problems of Nigeria wealth gap Englisch Grundkurs poverty: an uneven distribution of power, money & natural resources social inequalities a few people benefit from the economy & become wealthy the wealth gap is growing Nigeria spends little money on social measures education → Lotta Meiners contra - the cost of living is high - rapid population growth & overpopula- tion poverty is a big problem in Nigeria the poverty rate has risen from 27% to 69% in the last 30 years 67% of the population lives below the poverty line most houses don't have toilets, running water, or electricity many people don't have access to education, internet, or medical treatments - 2/3 of the 21 million inhabitants live in slums (e.g. the slum called Makoko) - housing shortage - people live in wooden shacks sur- rounded by dirty oily water - sanitation is rudimentary - the water is contaminated with rubbish & human waste (still used as drinking water) - malaria, respiratory diseases & malnutri- tion are common - high unemployment rate - 3/4 of slum children don't go to school - there is little access to hospitals or med- ical supplies - poor infrastructure: power outages, appalling road conditions & over- crowded schools - environmental pollution caused by the industry 1 gross domestic product = Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP) school attendance is compulsory for children aged 6 to 15 (is rarely the case) poor educational infrastructure missing teaching aids (projectors, computers, ...) low teacher income & promotion 5

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Nigeria

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lotta   

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2867 Followers

 Abitur 2022
Nigeria
1. general information
206.1 million citizens
has the largest population of Africa
7th most populated country in the wo

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general information history ethnic groups economy Lagos problems of Nigeria potentials of Nigeria

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Abitur 2022 Nigeria 1. general information 206.1 million citizens has the largest population of Africa 7th most populated country in the world located on the western coast of Africa Englisch Grundkurs 2. history pre-colonial era Nigeria is a diverse multi-ethnic country with more than 520 spoken languages Lagos is the country's largest & most populous city with about 15 million inhabitants Nigeria has the largest economy in Africa due to its export market Nigeria was populated around 5000 BC diversity with many different ethnic groups: Yoruba (west), Fulani & Hausa (north), Igbo (south-east) 1922 onwards 1947 onwards 1954 1976 rise, fall or transformation of territories caused by changes in climate, economic interests, or religious/cultural differences 1500 AD: the Portuguese slave trade to America began along Nigeria's coast colonial era beginning - slave ports were established especially around Lagos of the 18th century 1807 early 19th century mid-19th century end of 19th century 1914 post-colonial era Oct. 1st 1960 1963 Lotta Meiners - British missionaries built schools & spread their Christian beliefs, lan- guage & culture - abolishment of the slave trade - the Fulani people started a holy war against the Hausa & created a separate Muslim empire & judicial system in the north - Nigeria's ports & the export of natural resources & agricultural goods came under the control of Britain's Royal Niger Company - the whole country was under British control - a division between Muslim north & Christian south - unification of Nigeria as a British colony...

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Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

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Alternativer Bildtext:

titled "Colony & Protectorate of Nigeria" - constitutional developments began in the South - a legislative council ruled the South - its members were predominantly European - the legislative council ruled the whole country - now made up of more African than European members - Nigeria became a federation - nationalization of the oil industry - it remained dominated by British colonies - Nigeria became independent from Britain - establishment as a Federal Republic 1 Abitur 2022 1966 - 1970 1975 - 1983 1983 - 1985 1995 1996 2003 2010 - 2015 2015 2019 current situation since 2009 - Boko Haram has led a campaign of violence in the north-eastern re- gions of Nigeria Englisch Grundkurs Hausa - a military regime took power in 1966 because ethnic tensions between Nigeria's north & south could no longer be controlled - civil war / "Biafran war" - around 1million people were killed - the first period of Nigerian democracy - civilian administration regained power Lotta Meiners - a military coup ended this - made Major General Muhammadu Buhari (head of state till 1985) - the EU imposed sanctions on Nigeria - suspension of Nigeria's membership in the Commonwealth for 3 years - 5 political parties gained power - the regime adopted a programme of democratic reform - the first legislative election since the end of military rule in 1999 was held in April - Goodluck Ebele Jonathan got elected President - the Nigerian economy boomed 3. ethnic groups a time characterized by corruption, neglect of education, health, infra- structure & agriculture - many suicide bombings & kidnappings in the north-east - Muhammadu Buhari was the first opposition candidate to become Ni- gerian president - re-election of Muhammadu Buhari in February the country is facing several challenges violence caused by Boko Haram is still a big problem the country is still victim to frequent suicide bombings minority groups in the Niger Delta feel they are being exploited by foreign oil corporations demand more control over oil resources violence between different ethnicities as well as instances of piracy, kidnappings & the bombing of oil pipes in Niger Delta Nigeria is a multi-ethnic nation there are more than 250 ethnic groups the three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa (north), Igbo (south-east) & Yoruba (south-west) together they account for roughly 68% of the population the rest of Nigerians ethnic groups live all over the country the ethnic identity of each individual group usually centres around a common language, shared religion, values, traditions & customs (in terms of food, traditional clothing, ...) 2 Abitur 2022 lifestyle: Yoruba territory: population: religion: languages: Igbo Englisch Grundkurs the absolute rulers are called Emirs their word is basically the law they are supported by a powerful council called "Mallamai": enforce the will of the Emir & Sharia law very conservative women are often seen as second-class citizens territory: population: religion: languages: they are rarely allowed to work or obtain education often serve as house slaves for their husbands men traditionally have more than one wife & mistresses northern Nigeria about 35.7 million strict conservative Islam with the enforcement of the Sharia law Hausa territory: population: religion: languages: lifestyle: men rule their families & have more than one wife & mistresses polygamous family model in bigger cities women have more rights 4. economy oil industry Lotta Meiners south-western Nigeria about 41.7 million Christianity, Islam & their own religious & cultural beliefs Yoruba & Yoruboid languages lifestyle: they have strong & independent women south-eastern Nigeria about 31.5 million Christianity mixed with indigenous Igbo religion & belief system Igbo & Igboid languages with a huge number of dialects oil has been discovered in 1956 Nigeria depends on the oil industry oil has a huge influence on the stability of Nigeria's economy 75% of Nigeria's export earnings come from oil a lot of the oil profit is made by British companies Shell which provides 70% of Nigeria's oil production Niger Delta has a lot oil deposits 3 Abitur 2022 problems: Nigeria National Petroleum company (NNPC): was founded in 1977 an oil regulator & a corporation at the same time the NNPC works & cooperates with international oil companies the oil companies pay for the licences & taxes on the profits NNPC sends this money to the Nigerian government it has happened that revenues went missing & the money didn't get transferred to the government negative effects on the environment: Englisch Grundkurs Nollywood bad working conditions criminal gangs steel oil & make profit from it on the black market (2019 22 million barrels of oil were stolen & sold on the black market) only a few already rich people benefit from the oil revenue the poor population such as farmers are affected negatively contamination & pollution of water agricultural fields are contaminated fish get poisoned, birds are soaked in oil, plants die abandoned villages Nigeria's growing film industry 3rd biggest film industry worldwide the industry enables many jobs that are well paid started in the 1980s in Lagos 5. Lagos Lotta Meiners they are producing about 2000 film a year the films tell Nigerian stories dreams & realities political motives Nollywood presents Africa authentically (Hollywood presents Africa as a poor & problematic continent) they have less material than other film industries & therefore film in normal flats academia & festivals were interested & spread the popularity it's a voice for Nigerians & the Nigerian experience is presented pro/contra Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria former capital of Nigeria one of the fastest growing cities in the world a city of extremes & sharp social & economic contrasts it is often called the city of optimists & city of opportunities work hard to be successful 4 Abitur 2022 pro -generates around 10% of Nigeria's GDP¹ - hosts 65% of Nigerians businesses & headquarters of multinational corpora- tions - has an expanding upper class - well-paying jobs - many entrepreneurs one of the largest tech hubs on the con- tinent - fashion & art capital of West Africa - high living standards 6. problems of Nigeria wealth gap Englisch Grundkurs poverty: an uneven distribution of power, money & natural resources social inequalities a few people benefit from the economy & become wealthy the wealth gap is growing Nigeria spends little money on social measures education → Lotta Meiners contra - the cost of living is high - rapid population growth & overpopula- tion poverty is a big problem in Nigeria the poverty rate has risen from 27% to 69% in the last 30 years 67% of the population lives below the poverty line most houses don't have toilets, running water, or electricity many people don't have access to education, internet, or medical treatments - 2/3 of the 21 million inhabitants live in slums (e.g. the slum called Makoko) - housing shortage - people live in wooden shacks sur- rounded by dirty oily water - sanitation is rudimentary - the water is contaminated with rubbish & human waste (still used as drinking water) - malaria, respiratory diseases & malnutri- tion are common - high unemployment rate - 3/4 of slum children don't go to school - there is little access to hospitals or med- ical supplies - poor infrastructure: power outages, appalling road conditions & over- crowded schools - environmental pollution caused by the industry 1 gross domestic product = Bruttoinlandsprodukt (BIP) school attendance is compulsory for children aged 6 to 15 (is rarely the case) poor educational infrastructure missing teaching aids (projectors, computers, ...) low teacher income & promotion 5