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Shakespeare (Abi 2022)

Shakespeare (Abi 2022)

 • Born and raised in Stratford in 1564
• Son of a simple glover
• Received no university education
• Married Anne Hathaway in 1582 (had a d

Shakespeare (Abi 2022)

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tamara

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11/12/13

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Zusammenfassung -language -conspiracy theory -Elizabethan Age -engaging with Shakespeare -Romeo and Juliet

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• Born and raised in Stratford in 1564 • Son of a simple glover • Received no university education • Married Anne Hathaway in 1582 (had a daughter & twins) • Wrote 37 plays, 154 sonnets & invented 400+ words • Was a capable businessman & entrepreneur, who owned a part of the Globe Theatre • Died on his birthday in 1616 (April 23rd) Shakespeare's language William Shakespeare • Contractions: leaving out letters and syllables → for rhythmic purposes • Inversions: different sentence structure → to follow a rhyme • Altered sentence structure • Verb forms (had → hadst, go → goest, do/does → doest, will → wilst, has → hath, do → doth) • Outdated words / words might have more than one meaning • Invented new words (you → thee/thou, your → thy, yes → ay, unfortunately → allas) • His idioms are still used & understood Shakespearean sonnets • Composed of 14 lines • Consists of three quatrains (four line stanzas) and one rhyming couplet • Mostly iambic pentameter (often 10 syllables), consisting of five iambs • Rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg • Imagery & antithesis → frequent elements • Follow a certain line of thought (introduction, body, conclusion) • Conclusion marks the turning point (volta) Conspiracy theory → Is William Shakespeare the real author of his plays? Pro • Other authors died...

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significantly earlier than the plays were written and played • Shakespeare received classic education and therefore could have continued expanding his knowledge from there • It's proven that Shakespeare was in London at the time his plays were ritten and staged • History has proven that famous writers can start from modest beginnings Con • Writer had a detailed knowledge of court politics Shakespeare received no higher education, even believed to be illiterate • A writer who openly critizised the monarchy would have been put to death • Shakespeare wouldn't have had knowledge about customs at court ● Elizabethan Age Religion • Reformation & protastantism • Churches were robbed • Monarch plays key role in religious matters • Monasteries were dissolved Deeply felt sense of loss • Old politcal & religious order gave more security Elizabeth I • Her reign: 1558-1603 • Waged war on Spain • Lasted until she died (because of received seapower) • Renaissance was during her reign → „Elizabethan Age" • Illustrated in literature & plays → main method for publishing ● Beliefs System of hierachy: ,,The Great Chain of Being" • All forms of elements were divided into classes & arranged in both vertical and horizontal order Consequences or violention would cause global chaos ● • Disorder in nature • Believing in demons, spirits, witchcraft & magic • ,,Geocentric world view": earth as the center of universe ● Progress • New view of the world → ,,heliocentric world view" • Invention of the printing press Availability of information ● • Discovery of America (Columbus) • Oversea trading • Time of great change in science, technology, view of religion & society • Golden age of british history • Anatomical & artistic discovery of the human body (Michelangelo & DaVinci) Engaging with Shakespeare Pro • Part of Englsih culture and his plays belong to the most precious works of literature • Deals with timeless / relevant topics • Watching his plays can be fun • You might learn some life lessons from Shakespeare Con Plays were written for the stage, not to be read in the classroom • Language must be seen and heard spoken by actors ● • English teachers tend to analyze language until there's nothing left ● English teachers don't know all the answers to the meaning in Shakespeare's plays • Analyzing the language leads to confusion ● • language is supposed to be explored by students themselves • Just reading the play can be extremely tedious ● Romeo and Juliet Plot summary Overview tragic love story • main characters, Romeo and Juliet, are supposed to be sworn enemies but fall in love • Because of their families' ongoing conflict, they cannot be together • they kill themselves because they cannot cope with being separated from one another Prologue • Sets the scene • Overview about the plot • Audience knows the end in advance Act 1 • two feuding families of Verona: the Capulets and the Montagues • the young men of each family fight until the Prince of Verona intercedes and threatens to banish them introduce his daughter Juliet to Paris who seeks to marry • head of the Capulet family plans a feast her • Montague's son Romeo hopes to see his beloved Rosaline there • he meets Juliet and falls instantly in love with her Juliet's cousin Tybalt recognises the Montague boys and forces them to leave ● ARTE Act 2 • Romeo lingers near the Capulet house to talk with Juliet ● They declare their love for one another and intend to marry the next day . With the help of Juliet's Nurse, the lovers arrange to marry at the cell of Friar Laurence Act 3 • Mercutio fights with Tybalt and is accidentally killed • Romeo kills Tybalt and is banished by the Prince Nurse tells Juliet about the deaths ● • Friar Laurence arranges for Romeo to spend the night with Juliet before he leaves for Mantua • Lord Capulet moves Juliet's marriage to Paris to the next day • Juliet's parents want to dissolve her when she doesn't want to marry Paris Act 4 • Friar Laurence helps Juliet by providing a sleeping draught that will make her seem dead • Her family believes she is dead • The Friar sends a messenger to Romeo and bids him to come to the Capulet family monument to rescue his sleeping wife Act 5 • The message to Romeo doesn't arrive in time ● Hearing from his servant that Juliet is dead, Romeo buys poison from an Apothecary in Mantua • He returns to Verona and goes to the tomb where he kills Paris • Romeo takes his poison and dies, while Juliet awakens • Juliet stabs herself . The deaths of their children lead the families to make peace Characters Romeo • Son of heir of Montague 16, handsome, intelligent & sensitive • Tough, impulsive & immature • Lives in the middle of a violent feud between his family and the Capulets • Not interested in violence, but in love → at the beginning he is in love with a girl named Rosaline, but then he gets to know Juliet and falls in love with her ● • Secretly marries Juliet, the daughter of his father's worst enemy • He would rather die than live without his beloved • An affectionate & devoted friend to his relative Benvolio, Mercutio & Friar Lawrence Juliet ● • Daughter of Capulet ● 13, beautiful, naive, grows up quickly • Falls in love with Romeo, the son of her family's great enemy • Girl in an aristrocratic family → has no freedom • Showas amazing courage (trusting her entire life & future to Romeo • Her best friend: the nurse → turns against her, as soon as the Nurse turns against Romeo Friar Lawrence • Franciscan friar & friend of Romeo and Juliet • Civic-minded, a proponent of moderation, has always a plan • He secretly marries the impassioned lovers in hopes that the union might eventually bring peace to Verona • Catholic holy man, expert in the use of seemingly mystical potions & herbs The Nurse Breast-fed Juliet always cared for her ● • Vulgar, long winded & sentimental character ● • Juliet's faithful confidante and loyal intermediary in Juliet's affair with Romeo (until a disagreement) • Wants Juliet to have a nice- looking husband • Has a different pov on love Mercutio Romeo's witty and loyal friend who is slain by Tybalt when defending Romeo Benvolio Romeo's peaceable good-natured friend Apothecary Illegally sells Romeo poison Lady Montague Romeo's mother who dies of grief when Romeo is banished Prince Banishes Romeo from Verona Romeo Lord Montague Romeo's father who, along with Capulet, originated the feud between the families Paris Juliet's suitor and cousin of the Prince. Killed by Romeo at the Capulet tomb In love Friar Laurence Marries Romeo and Juliet and concocts the plan to fake Juliet's death Friar John Sent to Mantua to tell Romeo of the Friar's plan. He is quarantined and never arrives Tybalt Juliet's hot-headed cousin; kills Mercutio, then is killed by Romeo Feuding Juliet The Nurse Capulet servant and confidant to Juliet. Acts as messenger between Romeo and Juliet Lady Capulet Juliet's mother who is cold and calculating in her desire that Juliet marry Paris Lord Capulet Juliet's irritable and irrational father who demands she marry Paris

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Shakespeare (Abi 2022)

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tamara   

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154 Followers

 • Born and raised in Stratford in 1564
• Son of a simple glover
• Received no university education
• Married Anne Hathaway in 1582 (had a d

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Zusammenfassung -language -conspiracy theory -Elizabethan Age -engaging with Shakespeare -Romeo and Juliet

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• Born and raised in Stratford in 1564 • Son of a simple glover • Received no university education • Married Anne Hathaway in 1582 (had a daughter & twins) • Wrote 37 plays, 154 sonnets & invented 400+ words • Was a capable businessman & entrepreneur, who owned a part of the Globe Theatre • Died on his birthday in 1616 (April 23rd) Shakespeare's language William Shakespeare • Contractions: leaving out letters and syllables → for rhythmic purposes • Inversions: different sentence structure → to follow a rhyme • Altered sentence structure • Verb forms (had → hadst, go → goest, do/does → doest, will → wilst, has → hath, do → doth) • Outdated words / words might have more than one meaning • Invented new words (you → thee/thou, your → thy, yes → ay, unfortunately → allas) • His idioms are still used & understood Shakespearean sonnets • Composed of 14 lines • Consists of three quatrains (four line stanzas) and one rhyming couplet • Mostly iambic pentameter (often 10 syllables), consisting of five iambs • Rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg • Imagery & antithesis → frequent elements • Follow a certain line of thought (introduction, body, conclusion) • Conclusion marks the turning point (volta) Conspiracy theory → Is William Shakespeare the real author of his plays? Pro • Other authors died...

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Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

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Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

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significantly earlier than the plays were written and played • Shakespeare received classic education and therefore could have continued expanding his knowledge from there • It's proven that Shakespeare was in London at the time his plays were ritten and staged • History has proven that famous writers can start from modest beginnings Con • Writer had a detailed knowledge of court politics Shakespeare received no higher education, even believed to be illiterate • A writer who openly critizised the monarchy would have been put to death • Shakespeare wouldn't have had knowledge about customs at court ● Elizabethan Age Religion • Reformation & protastantism • Churches were robbed • Monarch plays key role in religious matters • Monasteries were dissolved Deeply felt sense of loss • Old politcal & religious order gave more security Elizabeth I • Her reign: 1558-1603 • Waged war on Spain • Lasted until she died (because of received seapower) • Renaissance was during her reign → „Elizabethan Age" • Illustrated in literature & plays → main method for publishing ● Beliefs System of hierachy: ,,The Great Chain of Being" • All forms of elements were divided into classes & arranged in both vertical and horizontal order Consequences or violention would cause global chaos ● • Disorder in nature • Believing in demons, spirits, witchcraft & magic • ,,Geocentric world view": earth as the center of universe ● Progress • New view of the world → ,,heliocentric world view" • Invention of the printing press Availability of information ● • Discovery of America (Columbus) • Oversea trading • Time of great change in science, technology, view of religion & society • Golden age of british history • Anatomical & artistic discovery of the human body (Michelangelo & DaVinci) Engaging with Shakespeare Pro • Part of Englsih culture and his plays belong to the most precious works of literature • Deals with timeless / relevant topics • Watching his plays can be fun • You might learn some life lessons from Shakespeare Con Plays were written for the stage, not to be read in the classroom • Language must be seen and heard spoken by actors ● • English teachers tend to analyze language until there's nothing left ● English teachers don't know all the answers to the meaning in Shakespeare's plays • Analyzing the language leads to confusion ● • language is supposed to be explored by students themselves • Just reading the play can be extremely tedious ● Romeo and Juliet Plot summary Overview tragic love story • main characters, Romeo and Juliet, are supposed to be sworn enemies but fall in love • Because of their families' ongoing conflict, they cannot be together • they kill themselves because they cannot cope with being separated from one another Prologue • Sets the scene • Overview about the plot • Audience knows the end in advance Act 1 • two feuding families of Verona: the Capulets and the Montagues • the young men of each family fight until the Prince of Verona intercedes and threatens to banish them introduce his daughter Juliet to Paris who seeks to marry • head of the Capulet family plans a feast her • Montague's son Romeo hopes to see his beloved Rosaline there • he meets Juliet and falls instantly in love with her Juliet's cousin Tybalt recognises the Montague boys and forces them to leave ● ARTE Act 2 • Romeo lingers near the Capulet house to talk with Juliet ● They declare their love for one another and intend to marry the next day . With the help of Juliet's Nurse, the lovers arrange to marry at the cell of Friar Laurence Act 3 • Mercutio fights with Tybalt and is accidentally killed • Romeo kills Tybalt and is banished by the Prince Nurse tells Juliet about the deaths ● • Friar Laurence arranges for Romeo to spend the night with Juliet before he leaves for Mantua • Lord Capulet moves Juliet's marriage to Paris to the next day • Juliet's parents want to dissolve her when she doesn't want to marry Paris Act 4 • Friar Laurence helps Juliet by providing a sleeping draught that will make her seem dead • Her family believes she is dead • The Friar sends a messenger to Romeo and bids him to come to the Capulet family monument to rescue his sleeping wife Act 5 • The message to Romeo doesn't arrive in time ● Hearing from his servant that Juliet is dead, Romeo buys poison from an Apothecary in Mantua • He returns to Verona and goes to the tomb where he kills Paris • Romeo takes his poison and dies, while Juliet awakens • Juliet stabs herself . The deaths of their children lead the families to make peace Characters Romeo • Son of heir of Montague 16, handsome, intelligent & sensitive • Tough, impulsive & immature • Lives in the middle of a violent feud between his family and the Capulets • Not interested in violence, but in love → at the beginning he is in love with a girl named Rosaline, but then he gets to know Juliet and falls in love with her ● • Secretly marries Juliet, the daughter of his father's worst enemy • He would rather die than live without his beloved • An affectionate & devoted friend to his relative Benvolio, Mercutio & Friar Lawrence Juliet ● • Daughter of Capulet ● 13, beautiful, naive, grows up quickly • Falls in love with Romeo, the son of her family's great enemy • Girl in an aristrocratic family → has no freedom • Showas amazing courage (trusting her entire life & future to Romeo • Her best friend: the nurse → turns against her, as soon as the Nurse turns against Romeo Friar Lawrence • Franciscan friar & friend of Romeo and Juliet • Civic-minded, a proponent of moderation, has always a plan • He secretly marries the impassioned lovers in hopes that the union might eventually bring peace to Verona • Catholic holy man, expert in the use of seemingly mystical potions & herbs The Nurse Breast-fed Juliet always cared for her ● • Vulgar, long winded & sentimental character ● • Juliet's faithful confidante and loyal intermediary in Juliet's affair with Romeo (until a disagreement) • Wants Juliet to have a nice- looking husband • Has a different pov on love Mercutio Romeo's witty and loyal friend who is slain by Tybalt when defending Romeo Benvolio Romeo's peaceable good-natured friend Apothecary Illegally sells Romeo poison Lady Montague Romeo's mother who dies of grief when Romeo is banished Prince Banishes Romeo from Verona Romeo Lord Montague Romeo's father who, along with Capulet, originated the feud between the families Paris Juliet's suitor and cousin of the Prince. Killed by Romeo at the Capulet tomb In love Friar Laurence Marries Romeo and Juliet and concocts the plan to fake Juliet's death Friar John Sent to Mantua to tell Romeo of the Friar's plan. He is quarantined and never arrives Tybalt Juliet's hot-headed cousin; kills Mercutio, then is killed by Romeo Feuding Juliet The Nurse Capulet servant and confidant to Juliet. Acts as messenger between Romeo and Juliet Lady Capulet Juliet's mother who is cold and calculating in her desire that Juliet marry Paris Lord Capulet Juliet's irritable and irrational father who demands she marry Paris