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rhetorical devices

rhetorical devices

 Rhetorical Devices
Alliteration
Anaphora
Allusion
Antithesis
Euphemism
ora
Enumeration
Definition
Repetition of initial consonant
sound
Exa

rhetorical devices

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Rhetorical Devices Alliteration Anaphora Allusion Antithesis Euphemism ora Enumeration Definition Repetition of initial consonant sound Example: peter piper picked a peck of peepers. Repeating the first part of a sentence Example: I want my money right now, right here. Direct or indirect reference to sth. Or sb. The reader or listener is supposed to recognise and respond to. Example: Can be a historical event, a work of literature or a religious text like the bible etc. Having two opposite ideas in a sentence Example: One small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind Use of a mild expression instead of a hard/ cruel one Example: He passed away Repeating the endi words of a sentence Example: I am an American, he is an American, everybody is an American The listing of words or phrases in a text, with the last two usually connected by "and". Example: opeful, big-hearted, idealistic and fair Effect Grabs readers/ listeners attention Emphasis on words. Could create emotional effect like passion in audience (this is why famous speeches use anaphora) Adds rythm making it easier to read/ understand and remember Enhances a text by providing further meaning Help contextualise a story Emphasises idea Makes it easier to understand the point being made or the complexity of the situation Used to avoid confrontation/ hurting peoples feelings Sometimes also used to mislead the real meaning of what being said rythm Creates a un Convey the importance of something Used to add emphasis Make a text more pleasant to read Exaggeration Hyperbole Metaphor (Imagery) Simile (Imagery) Symbol (Imagery) Parallelism A strong overstatement Example: I told you a thousand times: no A single phrase containing an exaggeration Example: I will die if she asks me to dance Indirect, metaphorical comparison of two facts, where an idea is illustrated with the help...

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of a mental image Example: Her words cut deeper than a knife Comparing two things using the words "like" or "as" Example: She is always busy as a bee A thing, word or phrase signifying sth. Concrete that stands not only for itself but also for a certain abstract idea Example: Red Rose = love Using components in a sentence that are grammatically the same or have similar sounds or construction Example: My fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country Create a serious or comic effect Creates amusing effect Common human feelings sound remarkable Can also create contrast if something is described using exaggeration and the next thing isn't This attracts readers attention Helps visualise Gives the reader or listener a new perspective on a particular topic Creates an visual image for the reader Make it easier to understand what the person is saying Look up metaphor Look up metaphor Adds rythm to sentence In literature, usually used to convey some message Also persuasive because an idea is emphasised and easy to remember using this structure Personification (Imagery) Repetition Rhetorical question Understatement Onomatopoeia Wordplay When an idea or animal is given human characteristics Example: The sky weeps Repeating words or phrases There are many different types of repetition like anaphora or epiphora A question which is meant to be unanswered. Example: Can fish swim? A statement in which the true magnitude of an idea, event or fact is minimised, so that sth. Is deliberately presented as being much less important, valuable, etc that it really is Example: Looks like it rained a bit last night (and it was actually a natural catastrophe) Use of a word which imitates the sound it refers to Example: "Buzz" or "Hum" Use of word which may be understood in two different ways or which may be put into a different context to alter the meaning Example: I've been to the dentist before, so I know the drill Helps reader/ listener emphasise with non- human characters Gives deeper meanings To grab the reader's/ listener's attention Emphasise and creates rythm Emphasise a point being made. Mostly used to as an effect Used to persuade people Often used for ironic effect Used to evoke a particular feeling, sound, mood or movement Often used for ironic effect Attention: Most stylistic devices are used mainly as uncountable nouns, e.g. The author uses alliteration/ repetition... - The exceptions are: allusion, metaphor, symbol, rhetorical question, e.g. In line there is a metaphor. Further rhetorical devices – often used in political speeches that are delivered Rhetorical device Quotations Proverbs Use of pronouns Use of imperatives Effect Personal appeal to the audience Reference to the past To console or inspire others Including the audience Maybe to show solidarity or equality in a special context Call for action

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rhetorical devices

rhetorical devices

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emily

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 Rhetorical Devices
Alliteration
Anaphora
Allusion
Antithesis
Euphemism
ora
Enumeration
Definition
Repetition of initial consonant
sound
Exa

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Rhetorical Devices Alliteration Anaphora Allusion Antithesis Euphemism ora Enumeration Definition Repetition of initial consonant sound Example: peter piper picked a peck of peepers. Repeating the first part of a sentence Example: I want my money right now, right here. Direct or indirect reference to sth. Or sb. The reader or listener is supposed to recognise and respond to. Example: Can be a historical event, a work of literature or a religious text like the bible etc. Having two opposite ideas in a sentence Example: One small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind Use of a mild expression instead of a hard/ cruel one Example: He passed away Repeating the endi words of a sentence Example: I am an American, he is an American, everybody is an American The listing of words or phrases in a text, with the last two usually connected by "and". Example: opeful, big-hearted, idealistic and fair Effect Grabs readers/ listeners attention Emphasis on words. Could create emotional effect like passion in audience (this is why famous speeches use anaphora) Adds rythm making it easier to read/ understand and remember Enhances a text by providing further meaning Help contextualise a story Emphasises idea Makes it easier to understand the point being made or the complexity of the situation Used to avoid confrontation/ hurting peoples feelings Sometimes also used to mislead the real meaning of what being said rythm Creates a un Convey the importance of something Used to add emphasis Make a text more pleasant to read Exaggeration Hyperbole Metaphor (Imagery) Simile (Imagery) Symbol (Imagery) Parallelism A strong overstatement Example: I told you a thousand times: no A single phrase containing an exaggeration Example: I will die if she asks me to dance Indirect, metaphorical comparison of two facts, where an idea is illustrated with the help...

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of a mental image Example: Her words cut deeper than a knife Comparing two things using the words "like" or "as" Example: She is always busy as a bee A thing, word or phrase signifying sth. Concrete that stands not only for itself but also for a certain abstract idea Example: Red Rose = love Using components in a sentence that are grammatically the same or have similar sounds or construction Example: My fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country Create a serious or comic effect Creates amusing effect Common human feelings sound remarkable Can also create contrast if something is described using exaggeration and the next thing isn't This attracts readers attention Helps visualise Gives the reader or listener a new perspective on a particular topic Creates an visual image for the reader Make it easier to understand what the person is saying Look up metaphor Look up metaphor Adds rythm to sentence In literature, usually used to convey some message Also persuasive because an idea is emphasised and easy to remember using this structure Personification (Imagery) Repetition Rhetorical question Understatement Onomatopoeia Wordplay When an idea or animal is given human characteristics Example: The sky weeps Repeating words or phrases There are many different types of repetition like anaphora or epiphora A question which is meant to be unanswered. Example: Can fish swim? A statement in which the true magnitude of an idea, event or fact is minimised, so that sth. Is deliberately presented as being much less important, valuable, etc that it really is Example: Looks like it rained a bit last night (and it was actually a natural catastrophe) Use of a word which imitates the sound it refers to Example: "Buzz" or "Hum" Use of word which may be understood in two different ways or which may be put into a different context to alter the meaning Example: I've been to the dentist before, so I know the drill Helps reader/ listener emphasise with non- human characters Gives deeper meanings To grab the reader's/ listener's attention Emphasise and creates rythm Emphasise a point being made. Mostly used to as an effect Used to persuade people Often used for ironic effect Used to evoke a particular feeling, sound, mood or movement Often used for ironic effect Attention: Most stylistic devices are used mainly as uncountable nouns, e.g. The author uses alliteration/ repetition... - The exceptions are: allusion, metaphor, symbol, rhetorical question, e.g. In line there is a metaphor. Further rhetorical devices – often used in political speeches that are delivered Rhetorical device Quotations Proverbs Use of pronouns Use of imperatives Effect Personal appeal to the audience Reference to the past To console or inspire others Including the audience Maybe to show solidarity or equality in a special context Call for action