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Abitur Alle Themen! 2022

Abitur Alle Themen! 2022

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johanna🦁

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Abitur Alle Themen! 2022

 Themenübersicht
1. Great Britain
The British Monarchy
Empire and Commonwealth
1.1.
1.2.
1.3. Multicultural Britain
1.4. Britain and Europe

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106

America/ UK/ Ambiguity of Belonging/ Gran Torino/ Crooked Letter

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Themenübersicht 1. Great Britain The British Monarchy Empire and Commonwealth 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. Multicultural Britain 1.4. Britain and Europe 2. United States of America 2.1. National Identity/Mentality 2.2. American Dream 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. 2.6. 2.7. 2.8. Civil Rights Movement / The Deep South Multicultural America Social and economic issues / The Rust Belt Governmental / Electoral system 9/11 and consequences Gun control 3. Around the globe 3.1. 3.2. 3.3. America's global role English as a world language Globalization 4. SCHWERPUNKTTHEMA 4.1. Ambiguity of Belonging Gran Torino 4.2. 4.3. Crooked Letter, Crooked Letter 1 1. GREAT BRITAIN 1.1. The British Monarchy Pro Political system - The parliamentary democracy system of checks and balances UK's constitution is uncodified, there is not one single point of reference → the constitutional rights rest on statute law, common law, parliamentary conventions and historical law the uncodified British constitution is also called the Bill of Rights (passed 1689) → certain civil rights are defined, the monarch's power is limited in favor of Parliament the Magna Carta (1215) is a part of Britain's uncodified constitution the executive branch of government derives its power from the legislative the head of state = the monarch (impartial; doesn't govern; appoints Prime Minister) the leader of the executive = the country's prime minister (Boris Johnson) → is a member of parliament and usually the head of the majority party; majority voting system (complete Parliament only meets on special occasions like State Opening of Parliament) → the Conservative and the Labour Party...

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are the dominating players in UK politics the British parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Commons and the House of Lords → the members of the House of Commons are elected by the voters every 5 years (legislature; pass bills; can scrutinize the government) → the members of the House of Lords are appointed or inherit their seats (they can influence politics in delaying laws by vetoing them; help the House of Commons to consider all proposed legislation) Debate about reforming the House of Lords Con 1. experiences of other generations/different professions 2. neutral opinions on subjects (no member of any party) 3. another system to check the government's proposal 1. In parties are already various generations/professions (also more and more Lords every year) 2. does not match with democratic system (no relationship with electorate) 3. Additional taxes The Conservative Party was founded in 1834 and emerged from the former Tory Party → the Conservatives are still referred to as "Tories" traditionally, the party stood for little state interference and free-market capitalism → that was especially poignant during Margaret Thatcher's terms in power (1979- 1990) 2 → during it's time as opposition (1997-2010) the party underwent a change, becoming slightly more oriented towards social programs and state regulation (David Cameron and Theresa May were also PM's of the Conservative Party) The Labour Party was founded in 1900 its explicit aim was to support the working class → the resulting government after WWII is remembered for the nationalization of many industries and for introducing extensive welfare measures (National Health Service) under Tony Blair's "New Labour" approach the party changed →he modernised the country by reforming the House of Lords → devolution: separate local governmental units for Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and London since 2010 the party has been in the opposition The constitutional monarchy the UK is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy → Britain is a hereditary monarchy → current monarch: Queen Elizabeth II (ascended the throne in 1952) the monarch is head of state but his or her power is limited by constitutional written or unwritten conventions → the monarch dissolves and opens Parliament, has to give his or her royal assent to all laws passed in the UK, appoints and dismisses the prime minister and other Immediate line of succession --- Divorced Charles, Prince of Wales I Diana, Princess of Wales William, Duke of Cambridge Queen Elizabeth II Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall Autumn Phillips Harry, Duke of Sussex Anne, Princess Royal Captain Mark Phillips Peter Zara Phillips Tindall Catherine, Meghan, Duchess of Duchess of Cambridge Sussex Prince Princess Prince George of Charlotte of Louis of Cambridge Cambridge Cambridge Vice-Admiral Timothy Laurence Philip, Duke of Edinburgh 1921-2021 Andrew, Duke of York Mike Tindall Princess Beatrice of York Sarah, Duchess of York Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi Edward, Earl of Wessex Sophie, Countess of Wessex Lady Louise Windsor Princess Eugenie of York James, Viscount Severn Jack Brooksbank governmental ministers, weekly consultations with the prime minister → Commander in Chief of the armed forces, Head of the Church of England and Fount of Justice members of Royal Family are just representatives → official, ceremonial, diplomatic and representational duties → their power is limited by constitutional written or unwritten conventions → the power to make and pass laws resides with Parliament as the elected legislative → they do charitable work and are good ambassadors for the country abroad → are important for tourism = more money monarchy and royal family are an important part of the national identity Archie Lilibet Mia Lena Lucas Sienna August Harrison Diana Savannah Isla Grace Elizabeth Philip Elizabeth Philip BBC 3 Should the British governmental system be changed drastically? Pro Con monarch has no real power, other people can do this Updates Compromise democratic system as they are not elected, but hereditary principles → people should be able to elect their head of state are financed by taxes of residents of the UK no progress or modernization Monarchy is expensive successor is born into royalty, doesn't have to be qualified still have a lot of political power/influence goes against freedom of speech/press (articles against them were suppressed) royals are too privileged lots of scandals, that have been kept quiet monarch doesn't fit into modern society chance that Royal family will lose popularity after Queen dies head of state can't be removed monarchy reinforces class system - - Royals function as role models (extremely popular/admired) economic impact as they provide work places due to tourism unites society as part of national identity give a sense of stability and continuity → royals stay the same while government changes why change a working system? add national values to British culture positive image is good for trade deals president isn't necessarily cheaper PMs value weekly audiences to discuss political matters, have someone to keep secrets impartial role in negotiating two party system is easier to find compromises no written constitution: can be interpreted differently Prince William could be the next successor to the throne if Prince Charles abdicates → According to opinion polls not as popular as William since he doesn't connect with people as much; Made mistakes but in general really is a good person, was supportive of Diana, wanted to give her the respect she deserved, made sure she got a royal funeral Prince Philip always played a supportive role for his wife and was rather excluded from official duties The Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II celebrated in 2022 in Commonwealth for 70th anniversary of accession of Queen on 6 Feb 1952 (Queen's Green Canopy: plant trees to make environment greener; Different competitions to make stamps/weapon) Prince Andrew Jeffrey Epstein affiliation: → March 2011, criticism friendship of Prince Andrew and sex offender Jeffrey Epstein → 30 Dec 2014, Andrew involved in sexual activities with the minor Virginia Giuffre → 20 Nov 2019, Buckingham Palace announced Andrew suspending his public duties → On 28 Jan 2020, US Attorney Geoffrey Berman stated Andrew provided "zero co- operation" with federal prosecutors and the FBI regarding investigations into Epstein → May 2020, announced Andrew permanently resigns all public roles over Epstein ties 4 1.2. Empire and Commonwealth Great Britain = England + Scotland + Wales United Kingdom = Great Britain + Northern Ireland British Isles = UK + Republic of Ireland British Empire - colonization during its peak time (Queen Victoria's reign) the British Empire covered almost one fourth of the world's land area and ruled over more than 400 million people → "the empire on which the sun never sets"; large geographical extension → suppression of the colonies, brutalizing the inhabitants Two phases of the Empire: 1. Phase: Acquiring possessions in North America at the beginning of 17th century, but they lost them at the end of the 18th century (War of independence) 2. Phase: by 1920, Empire consisted of New Zealand, Australia, Burma, large parts of Africa, the middle East, the Caribbean, parts of China reasons: → exploitation of natural resources, access to new markets → spread of Christian religion → scientific curiosity → power (military power, good navy) and money justification of colonization: → British = superior race → they have the duty to civilize the savage world → religious salvation decline: Colonies got independent, annoyed by the burdened laws/taxes; as well as bankruptcy of the UK after WWII Commonwealth - decolonization in the course of the 20th century Britain lost almost all of its former colonies → partly violent independence movements in the colonized territories reasons for the decline of the Empire: → British were proud of their freedoms, but didn't share them with their colonies → after WWII Britain poor and exhausted = no power/will to control large part of world the legacy of the British Empire lives on in many of its former subject states' political, legal and cultural organization many of Britain's former colonies (about 50) are now members of the Commonwealth of Nations (1949) = intergovernmental organization of "free and equal" member states → each member country has its own government → the British monarch is their head of state → close cooperation in economy, education and government based on a shared history and culture and on common values like democracy, human rights and the rule of law Update case of Barbados: became independent in 1966; on Nov, 30 now became officially a republic → final step to independence 5

Englisch /

Abitur Alle Themen! 2022

Abitur Alle Themen! 2022

user profile picture

johanna🦁

18 Followers
 

Englisch

 

12

Lernzettel

Abitur Alle Themen! 2022

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 Themenübersicht
1. Great Britain
The British Monarchy
Empire and Commonwealth
1.1.
1.2.
1.3. Multicultural Britain
1.4. Britain and Europe

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Teilen

Speichern

106

Kommentare (4)

M

Cool, mit dem Lernzettel konnte ich mich richtig gut auf meine Klassenarbeit vorbereiten. Danke 👍👍

America/ UK/ Ambiguity of Belonging/ Gran Torino/ Crooked Letter

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Themenübersicht 1. Great Britain The British Monarchy Empire and Commonwealth 1.1. 1.2. 1.3. Multicultural Britain 1.4. Britain and Europe 2. United States of America 2.1. National Identity/Mentality 2.2. American Dream 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. 2.6. 2.7. 2.8. Civil Rights Movement / The Deep South Multicultural America Social and economic issues / The Rust Belt Governmental / Electoral system 9/11 and consequences Gun control 3. Around the globe 3.1. 3.2. 3.3. America's global role English as a world language Globalization 4. SCHWERPUNKTTHEMA 4.1. Ambiguity of Belonging Gran Torino 4.2. 4.3. Crooked Letter, Crooked Letter 1 1. GREAT BRITAIN 1.1. The British Monarchy Pro Political system - The parliamentary democracy system of checks and balances UK's constitution is uncodified, there is not one single point of reference → the constitutional rights rest on statute law, common law, parliamentary conventions and historical law the uncodified British constitution is also called the Bill of Rights (passed 1689) → certain civil rights are defined, the monarch's power is limited in favor of Parliament the Magna Carta (1215) is a part of Britain's uncodified constitution the executive branch of government derives its power from the legislative the head of state = the monarch (impartial; doesn't govern; appoints Prime Minister) the leader of the executive = the country's prime minister (Boris Johnson) → is a member of parliament and usually the head of the majority party; majority voting system (complete Parliament only meets on special occasions like State Opening of Parliament) → the Conservative and the Labour Party...

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Mit dem Fragen-Feature hast du die Möglichkeit, jederzeit Fragen zu stellen und Antworten von anderen Schüler:innen zu erhalten.

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Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

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Knowunity

Schule. Endlich Einfach.

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Alternativer Bildtext:

are the dominating players in UK politics the British parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Commons and the House of Lords → the members of the House of Commons are elected by the voters every 5 years (legislature; pass bills; can scrutinize the government) → the members of the House of Lords are appointed or inherit their seats (they can influence politics in delaying laws by vetoing them; help the House of Commons to consider all proposed legislation) Debate about reforming the House of Lords Con 1. experiences of other generations/different professions 2. neutral opinions on subjects (no member of any party) 3. another system to check the government's proposal 1. In parties are already various generations/professions (also more and more Lords every year) 2. does not match with democratic system (no relationship with electorate) 3. Additional taxes The Conservative Party was founded in 1834 and emerged from the former Tory Party → the Conservatives are still referred to as "Tories" traditionally, the party stood for little state interference and free-market capitalism → that was especially poignant during Margaret Thatcher's terms in power (1979- 1990) 2 → during it's time as opposition (1997-2010) the party underwent a change, becoming slightly more oriented towards social programs and state regulation (David Cameron and Theresa May were also PM's of the Conservative Party) The Labour Party was founded in 1900 its explicit aim was to support the working class → the resulting government after WWII is remembered for the nationalization of many industries and for introducing extensive welfare measures (National Health Service) under Tony Blair's "New Labour" approach the party changed →he modernised the country by reforming the House of Lords → devolution: separate local governmental units for Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and London since 2010 the party has been in the opposition The constitutional monarchy the UK is a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy → Britain is a hereditary monarchy → current monarch: Queen Elizabeth II (ascended the throne in 1952) the monarch is head of state but his or her power is limited by constitutional written or unwritten conventions → the monarch dissolves and opens Parliament, has to give his or her royal assent to all laws passed in the UK, appoints and dismisses the prime minister and other Immediate line of succession --- Divorced Charles, Prince of Wales I Diana, Princess of Wales William, Duke of Cambridge Queen Elizabeth II Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall Autumn Phillips Harry, Duke of Sussex Anne, Princess Royal Captain Mark Phillips Peter Zara Phillips Tindall Catherine, Meghan, Duchess of Duchess of Cambridge Sussex Prince Princess Prince George of Charlotte of Louis of Cambridge Cambridge Cambridge Vice-Admiral Timothy Laurence Philip, Duke of Edinburgh 1921-2021 Andrew, Duke of York Mike Tindall Princess Beatrice of York Sarah, Duchess of York Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi Edward, Earl of Wessex Sophie, Countess of Wessex Lady Louise Windsor Princess Eugenie of York James, Viscount Severn Jack Brooksbank governmental ministers, weekly consultations with the prime minister → Commander in Chief of the armed forces, Head of the Church of England and Fount of Justice members of Royal Family are just representatives → official, ceremonial, diplomatic and representational duties → their power is limited by constitutional written or unwritten conventions → the power to make and pass laws resides with Parliament as the elected legislative → they do charitable work and are good ambassadors for the country abroad → are important for tourism = more money monarchy and royal family are an important part of the national identity Archie Lilibet Mia Lena Lucas Sienna August Harrison Diana Savannah Isla Grace Elizabeth Philip Elizabeth Philip BBC 3 Should the British governmental system be changed drastically? Pro Con monarch has no real power, other people can do this Updates Compromise democratic system as they are not elected, but hereditary principles → people should be able to elect their head of state are financed by taxes of residents of the UK no progress or modernization Monarchy is expensive successor is born into royalty, doesn't have to be qualified still have a lot of political power/influence goes against freedom of speech/press (articles against them were suppressed) royals are too privileged lots of scandals, that have been kept quiet monarch doesn't fit into modern society chance that Royal family will lose popularity after Queen dies head of state can't be removed monarchy reinforces class system - - Royals function as role models (extremely popular/admired) economic impact as they provide work places due to tourism unites society as part of national identity give a sense of stability and continuity → royals stay the same while government changes why change a working system? add national values to British culture positive image is good for trade deals president isn't necessarily cheaper PMs value weekly audiences to discuss political matters, have someone to keep secrets impartial role in negotiating two party system is easier to find compromises no written constitution: can be interpreted differently Prince William could be the next successor to the throne if Prince Charles abdicates → According to opinion polls not as popular as William since he doesn't connect with people as much; Made mistakes but in general really is a good person, was supportive of Diana, wanted to give her the respect she deserved, made sure she got a royal funeral Prince Philip always played a supportive role for his wife and was rather excluded from official duties The Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II celebrated in 2022 in Commonwealth for 70th anniversary of accession of Queen on 6 Feb 1952 (Queen's Green Canopy: plant trees to make environment greener; Different competitions to make stamps/weapon) Prince Andrew Jeffrey Epstein affiliation: → March 2011, criticism friendship of Prince Andrew and sex offender Jeffrey Epstein → 30 Dec 2014, Andrew involved in sexual activities with the minor Virginia Giuffre → 20 Nov 2019, Buckingham Palace announced Andrew suspending his public duties → On 28 Jan 2020, US Attorney Geoffrey Berman stated Andrew provided "zero co- operation" with federal prosecutors and the FBI regarding investigations into Epstein → May 2020, announced Andrew permanently resigns all public roles over Epstein ties 4 1.2. Empire and Commonwealth Great Britain = England + Scotland + Wales United Kingdom = Great Britain + Northern Ireland British Isles = UK + Republic of Ireland British Empire - colonization during its peak time (Queen Victoria's reign) the British Empire covered almost one fourth of the world's land area and ruled over more than 400 million people → "the empire on which the sun never sets"; large geographical extension → suppression of the colonies, brutalizing the inhabitants Two phases of the Empire: 1. Phase: Acquiring possessions in North America at the beginning of 17th century, but they lost them at the end of the 18th century (War of independence) 2. Phase: by 1920, Empire consisted of New Zealand, Australia, Burma, large parts of Africa, the middle East, the Caribbean, parts of China reasons: → exploitation of natural resources, access to new markets → spread of Christian religion → scientific curiosity → power (military power, good navy) and money justification of colonization: → British = superior race → they have the duty to civilize the savage world → religious salvation decline: Colonies got independent, annoyed by the burdened laws/taxes; as well as bankruptcy of the UK after WWII Commonwealth - decolonization in the course of the 20th century Britain lost almost all of its former colonies → partly violent independence movements in the colonized territories reasons for the decline of the Empire: → British were proud of their freedoms, but didn't share them with their colonies → after WWII Britain poor and exhausted = no power/will to control large part of world the legacy of the British Empire lives on in many of its former subject states' political, legal and cultural organization many of Britain's former colonies (about 50) are now members of the Commonwealth of Nations (1949) = intergovernmental organization of "free and equal" member states → each member country has its own government → the British monarch is their head of state → close cooperation in economy, education and government based on a shared history and culture and on common values like democracy, human rights and the rule of law Update case of Barbados: became independent in 1966; on Nov, 30 now became officially a republic → final step to independence 5