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Shakespeare’s Macbeth

Shakespeare’s Macbeth

 General information
rise and fall of Scottish general Macbeth
devised in five acts (follows the structure of the Freytag
pyramid)
Leitmotif

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Shakespeare’s Macbeth

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Alles rund um Macbeth

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General information rise and fall of Scottish general Macbeth devised in five acts (follows the structure of the Freytag pyramid) Leitmotif: fair is foul and foul is fair (idea that occurs multiple times emphasis a key aspect) loyalty, (how to be a man). gloomy atmosphere of mistrust and appearance - - Drama created in 1608 Characters Macbeth (Scotish General; Thane of Glamis -> Thane of Cawdor -> King) main protagonist Lady Macbeth (wife of Macbeth) King Duncan - Shakespeare's Macbeth - Shakespeare born in 1564 (Stanford-upon-Avon) - son of a glovemaker wife: Anne Hathaway ->two daughters, one son famous works: Rome and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth, Midsummer night's dream - worked in globe theatre Death in 1616 (Stanford-upon-Avon) Donalbain & Malcom (sons of King Duncan) Banquo (Macbeth's friend) Fleance (son of Banquo) Macduff (Thane of Fife) main antagonist the three witches Plot After a battle in Scotland, Macbeth & Banquo meet three witches, who make three prophecies - Macbeth will be a thane, he will be a king & Banquo's sons will be kings. The witches first prophecy comes true & king Duncan makes Macbeth Thane of Cawdor; Macbeth writes Lady Macbeth a letter filling her in King Duncan visits Macbeth's castle; Lady Macbeth presuades Macbeth to murder King Duncan in his sleep to make the second prophecy come true & become king and queen With Lady Macbeth's help, Macbeth frames King Duncan's dead servants as the murderers. Duncan's children...

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Malcom and Donalbain, leave Scotland for their own safety (to Ireland and England) As King Macbeth worries about the witches third prophecy & sends murderers to kill Banquo and his son; Son escapes. At a banquet, Macbeth is haunted by visions of Banquos ghost in front of all his guests. Macbeth visits the witches and they tell him the only person he needs to beware of is Macduff, no one a woman has given birth to can harm him & he won't be defeated until Birnam Wood moves. He thinks he's unbeatable. While Macduff is in England convincing Duncan's son Malcom to fight against Macbeth, Macbeth has Macduff's family murdered (Everyone at his castle including ppl. who work there). Lady Macbeth comits suicide because of nightmares and hallucinations (caused by her guilt for all the killing). Macduff and Malcom arrive in Scotland with an army. On their way to attack Macbeth's castle they cut down brunches from from the trees in Birnam Wood to use as camouflage. When the Wood moves, one of the witches prophecies comes true. - In the final battle Macduff reveals that he was born by a ceasarean birth and kills Macbeth, fulfilling the final prophecy. Malcom becomes king. Relationship between Lady Macbeth and Macbeth at First Lady Macbeth is the dominant part (manipulative; makes Macbeth kill Duncan) lust for power Macbeth is like a puppet, does as his wife tells him, filled with guilt (sees dagger and ghost) - a relationship with love and affection turns into a more formal one (equal objectives) only work together not much love left at the end Macbeth is dominant (doesn't care about anyone else but him) takes action by himself Lady Macbeth turns mad and becomes instabile (not in her right mind; recedes into the background) relationship completely disintegrates (...should have died later) - - - The role of Lady Macbeth before Duncan's death: Characteristics: ambitious, unscrupulous, brutal and dominant > Macbeth becomes her puppet (kill King Duncan...be a man) > She calls on dark forces to suppress their own feelings such as mercy, pity and conscience in order to be able to kill Duncan. after Duncan's death: > Characteristics: insane, instabile > recedes into the background > is despairing of her guilt for the murders >kills herself - is the key to Macbeth's transformation (righteous -> turns him into a violent man with no honor) - without her Macbeth could never kill Duncan, leadin to their mutual downfall - Lady Macbeth is an unusual character in Shakespeare's time as she's ambitious and manipulative - At the time women were incapable of taking action themselves and were reserved, weak and submissive Leitmotiv - gloomy mood of mistrust fake loyalty (look like an innocent flower, but be the serpent underneath) - masculinity is repeatedly equated with cruelty Macbeth - complex character - changes throughout the play - brave warrior and leader at the start falls victim to the Witches' predictions. (unclear whether they plant ideas in his mind or whether they simply highlight thoughts that he has already had) repeatedly questions himself about his motives for killing the King - is eventually persuaded to continue by Lady Macbeth - finds himself caught in a spiral of evil from which he can not escape - actions become less heroic and more cowardly continues to murder and terrorise others in order to hold on to his power Towards the end of the play, when he realises that he is doomed, briefly returns to his old heroic self - Characters - Social and historical context A king in Shakespeare's time was thought to rule by 'divine right'. This meant that God had chosen that person directly to rule over others. The killing of a king (known as regicide) was therefore considered to be just about the worst crime that anyone could commit. That is why Macbeth's decision to murder Duncan seemed so horrific to an audience of the time and why the murderer has such a guilty conscience. The new King on the throne of England, James I (also known as James VI of Scotland), was paranoid about assassination attempts. This was unsurprising, since the infamous Gunpowder Plot to blow up the King and Parliament had taken place just months before Macbeth was first performed. Lady Macbeth - even more ambitious and ruthless than her husband has a plan in mind to gain power uses her influence to persuade Macbeth takes part in the crime herself is able to suppress her actions - eventually becomes unable to deal with guilt of what she has done becomes unable to sleep and mentally unstable - dying in tragic circumstances (suicide) Social and historical context - women In both Shakespeare's time and in the time when the play takes place, women had a much lower status than would be the case today. Wives were little more than the property of their husbands and had no legal rights. Their main purpose was to have children and support their menfolk. Lady Macbeth appears to be a much more feisty character with ambitions and desires of her own; these are characteristics that could imply a lack of femininity. It is worth remembering that in the original performances of the play the part of Lady Macbeth would have been played by a man and this would have helped to emphasise the character's masculine qualities. Banquo - general in King Duncan's army Macbeth's best friend - more cautious, does not resort to murder to get what he wants - aware that the Witches' predictions may be tricking Macbeth into evil actions the first to suspect Macbeth of murder dies while protecting his son, Fleance - comes back as a ghost to haunt Macbeth The witches often referred to as "The Weird Sisters" predictions drive matters forward Macduff - Thane of Fife Macbeth's deadly enemy discovers Duncan's body becomes Malcolm's chief supporter following him to England - to support him in raising an army against Macbeth - When learning of the murders of his wife and family, feels guilty about leaving them - driven by a need for revenge the only one who can stop Macbeth kills Macbeth. never actually suggest direct action plant ideas in Macbeth's mind and let his ambition do the rest - Many of their predictions are ambiguous Masculinity and femininity Macbeth is not only Shakespeare's bloodiest piece, but also the one with the largest number of downright evil female characters. The boss among them are the three witches who predict that Macbeth will be king and start the plot of the play. Then there is Lady Macbeth. In Shakespeare's time, it was unusual for a female character to be as ambitious and manipulative as Lady Macbeth. She is not able to take action herself, probably due to social constraints and power hierarchies. Therefore, she has to persuade her husband to follow her evil plans. Motives Predictions One of the powerful motifs in the play is the prediction of the witches. The witches appear in the first act and then in the third and last. They make a prediction that Macbeth shall be the king, and that his wife will be the queen. All the actions of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are based on these predictions. Whatever action they take, its basis is the same prediction, and its attendant features that they will have to do nothing. In fact, these predictions occurring at different times make the play move forward with a fast pace. Violence Although violence is not the dominant motif, it is still an ensuring motif. It occurs due to the predictions of the witches. In fact, the play starts with the violentatmosphere where three witch sisters appear to weave a spell. However, the actual violence starts when the King Duncan is killed and Macbeth immediately kills the guards. Banquo, along with his children, is also murdered. This leads to a spiral of violence that ends with Macbeth's musings. Gender Although very difficult to trace, the third recurrent and dominant motif in Macbeth. Gender has played an important role by instigating Macbeth. It is a result of a spell woven by three witches which are female in gender. Then when Macbeth does not take courage to move forward, it is Lady Macbeth who urges him. It is also that Lady Macbeth plays her role until the end of the play even chiding Macbeth "Why have you left the chamber?" to ensure his protection. In other words, it shows that even patriarchy is under the spell of feminism. Weather It is stated that weather is a way of predicting future course of action or circumstances. This could be a use of a foreshadowing. It is quite surprising that weather does not become significant though the witch sisters announce that they would be meeting again in a story weather. The symbols of thunder, lightning, rain, and bad storms are indicators of turbulent circumstances in Scotland. Moreover, the situation is always bad when the witches meet. Sleep Sleep is also a significant motif running throughout the play. It becomes recurrent when different characters express their desire for sleep. It happens that Lady Macbeth, who appears in almost every other theme and motif, is again in the motif of sleeplessness. This motif is signifying how weak and frail creature loses her sleep due to the crimes committed by her. In other words, it shows that the enormity of the crime has devoid Lady Macbeth of her sleep. She clearly says in the second act that she has heard "Sleep no more." Blood Although blood is not such a significant theme, it is, however, a significant motif in the play. This word first appears when King Duncan is murdered. However, this word has appeared in Lady Macbeth's utterance, who says "Who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him." It seems a very cruel utterance. However, as an essential ingredient of our physical living, blood can be "thick" or "thin" as Lady Macbeth often makes reference to it, according to the thinking of the person.

Englisch /

Shakespeare’s Macbeth

Shakespeare’s Macbeth

V

Vvv

16 Followers
 

Englisch

 

12

Lernzettel

Shakespeare’s Macbeth

Dieser Inhalt ist nur in der Knowunity App verfügbar.

 General information
rise and fall of Scottish general Macbeth
devised in five acts (follows the structure of the Freytag
pyramid)
Leitmotif

App öffnen

Teilen

Speichern

209

Kommentare (1)

O

Vielen Dank, wirklich hilfreich für mich, da wir gerade genau das Thema in der Schule haben 😁

Alles rund um Macbeth

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General information rise and fall of Scottish general Macbeth devised in five acts (follows the structure of the Freytag pyramid) Leitmotif: fair is foul and foul is fair (idea that occurs multiple times emphasis a key aspect) loyalty, (how to be a man). gloomy atmosphere of mistrust and appearance - - Drama created in 1608 Characters Macbeth (Scotish General; Thane of Glamis -> Thane of Cawdor -> King) main protagonist Lady Macbeth (wife of Macbeth) King Duncan - Shakespeare's Macbeth - Shakespeare born in 1564 (Stanford-upon-Avon) - son of a glovemaker wife: Anne Hathaway ->two daughters, one son famous works: Rome and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth, Midsummer night's dream - worked in globe theatre Death in 1616 (Stanford-upon-Avon) Donalbain & Malcom (sons of King Duncan) Banquo (Macbeth's friend) Fleance (son of Banquo) Macduff (Thane of Fife) main antagonist the three witches Plot After a battle in Scotland, Macbeth & Banquo meet three witches, who make three prophecies - Macbeth will be a thane, he will be a king & Banquo's sons will be kings. The witches first prophecy comes true & king Duncan makes Macbeth Thane of Cawdor; Macbeth writes Lady Macbeth a letter filling her in King Duncan visits Macbeth's castle; Lady Macbeth presuades Macbeth to murder King Duncan in his sleep to make the second prophecy come true & become king and queen With Lady Macbeth's help, Macbeth frames King Duncan's dead servants as the murderers. Duncan's children...

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Alternativer Bildtext:

Malcom and Donalbain, leave Scotland for their own safety (to Ireland and England) As King Macbeth worries about the witches third prophecy & sends murderers to kill Banquo and his son; Son escapes. At a banquet, Macbeth is haunted by visions of Banquos ghost in front of all his guests. Macbeth visits the witches and they tell him the only person he needs to beware of is Macduff, no one a woman has given birth to can harm him & he won't be defeated until Birnam Wood moves. He thinks he's unbeatable. While Macduff is in England convincing Duncan's son Malcom to fight against Macbeth, Macbeth has Macduff's family murdered (Everyone at his castle including ppl. who work there). Lady Macbeth comits suicide because of nightmares and hallucinations (caused by her guilt for all the killing). Macduff and Malcom arrive in Scotland with an army. On their way to attack Macbeth's castle they cut down brunches from from the trees in Birnam Wood to use as camouflage. When the Wood moves, one of the witches prophecies comes true. - In the final battle Macduff reveals that he was born by a ceasarean birth and kills Macbeth, fulfilling the final prophecy. Malcom becomes king. Relationship between Lady Macbeth and Macbeth at First Lady Macbeth is the dominant part (manipulative; makes Macbeth kill Duncan) lust for power Macbeth is like a puppet, does as his wife tells him, filled with guilt (sees dagger and ghost) - a relationship with love and affection turns into a more formal one (equal objectives) only work together not much love left at the end Macbeth is dominant (doesn't care about anyone else but him) takes action by himself Lady Macbeth turns mad and becomes instabile (not in her right mind; recedes into the background) relationship completely disintegrates (...should have died later) - - - The role of Lady Macbeth before Duncan's death: Characteristics: ambitious, unscrupulous, brutal and dominant > Macbeth becomes her puppet (kill King Duncan...be a man) > She calls on dark forces to suppress their own feelings such as mercy, pity and conscience in order to be able to kill Duncan. after Duncan's death: > Characteristics: insane, instabile > recedes into the background > is despairing of her guilt for the murders >kills herself - is the key to Macbeth's transformation (righteous -> turns him into a violent man with no honor) - without her Macbeth could never kill Duncan, leadin to their mutual downfall - Lady Macbeth is an unusual character in Shakespeare's time as she's ambitious and manipulative - At the time women were incapable of taking action themselves and were reserved, weak and submissive Leitmotiv - gloomy mood of mistrust fake loyalty (look like an innocent flower, but be the serpent underneath) - masculinity is repeatedly equated with cruelty Macbeth - complex character - changes throughout the play - brave warrior and leader at the start falls victim to the Witches' predictions. (unclear whether they plant ideas in his mind or whether they simply highlight thoughts that he has already had) repeatedly questions himself about his motives for killing the King - is eventually persuaded to continue by Lady Macbeth - finds himself caught in a spiral of evil from which he can not escape - actions become less heroic and more cowardly continues to murder and terrorise others in order to hold on to his power Towards the end of the play, when he realises that he is doomed, briefly returns to his old heroic self - Characters - Social and historical context A king in Shakespeare's time was thought to rule by 'divine right'. This meant that God had chosen that person directly to rule over others. The killing of a king (known as regicide) was therefore considered to be just about the worst crime that anyone could commit. That is why Macbeth's decision to murder Duncan seemed so horrific to an audience of the time and why the murderer has such a guilty conscience. The new King on the throne of England, James I (also known as James VI of Scotland), was paranoid about assassination attempts. This was unsurprising, since the infamous Gunpowder Plot to blow up the King and Parliament had taken place just months before Macbeth was first performed. Lady Macbeth - even more ambitious and ruthless than her husband has a plan in mind to gain power uses her influence to persuade Macbeth takes part in the crime herself is able to suppress her actions - eventually becomes unable to deal with guilt of what she has done becomes unable to sleep and mentally unstable - dying in tragic circumstances (suicide) Social and historical context - women In both Shakespeare's time and in the time when the play takes place, women had a much lower status than would be the case today. Wives were little more than the property of their husbands and had no legal rights. Their main purpose was to have children and support their menfolk. Lady Macbeth appears to be a much more feisty character with ambitions and desires of her own; these are characteristics that could imply a lack of femininity. It is worth remembering that in the original performances of the play the part of Lady Macbeth would have been played by a man and this would have helped to emphasise the character's masculine qualities. Banquo - general in King Duncan's army Macbeth's best friend - more cautious, does not resort to murder to get what he wants - aware that the Witches' predictions may be tricking Macbeth into evil actions the first to suspect Macbeth of murder dies while protecting his son, Fleance - comes back as a ghost to haunt Macbeth The witches often referred to as "The Weird Sisters" predictions drive matters forward Macduff - Thane of Fife Macbeth's deadly enemy discovers Duncan's body becomes Malcolm's chief supporter following him to England - to support him in raising an army against Macbeth - When learning of the murders of his wife and family, feels guilty about leaving them - driven by a need for revenge the only one who can stop Macbeth kills Macbeth. never actually suggest direct action plant ideas in Macbeth's mind and let his ambition do the rest - Many of their predictions are ambiguous Masculinity and femininity Macbeth is not only Shakespeare's bloodiest piece, but also the one with the largest number of downright evil female characters. The boss among them are the three witches who predict that Macbeth will be king and start the plot of the play. Then there is Lady Macbeth. In Shakespeare's time, it was unusual for a female character to be as ambitious and manipulative as Lady Macbeth. She is not able to take action herself, probably due to social constraints and power hierarchies. Therefore, she has to persuade her husband to follow her evil plans. Motives Predictions One of the powerful motifs in the play is the prediction of the witches. The witches appear in the first act and then in the third and last. They make a prediction that Macbeth shall be the king, and that his wife will be the queen. All the actions of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are based on these predictions. Whatever action they take, its basis is the same prediction, and its attendant features that they will have to do nothing. In fact, these predictions occurring at different times make the play move forward with a fast pace. Violence Although violence is not the dominant motif, it is still an ensuring motif. It occurs due to the predictions of the witches. In fact, the play starts with the violentatmosphere where three witch sisters appear to weave a spell. However, the actual violence starts when the King Duncan is killed and Macbeth immediately kills the guards. Banquo, along with his children, is also murdered. This leads to a spiral of violence that ends with Macbeth's musings. Gender Although very difficult to trace, the third recurrent and dominant motif in Macbeth. Gender has played an important role by instigating Macbeth. It is a result of a spell woven by three witches which are female in gender. Then when Macbeth does not take courage to move forward, it is Lady Macbeth who urges him. It is also that Lady Macbeth plays her role until the end of the play even chiding Macbeth "Why have you left the chamber?" to ensure his protection. In other words, it shows that even patriarchy is under the spell of feminism. Weather It is stated that weather is a way of predicting future course of action or circumstances. This could be a use of a foreshadowing. It is quite surprising that weather does not become significant though the witch sisters announce that they would be meeting again in a story weather. The symbols of thunder, lightning, rain, and bad storms are indicators of turbulent circumstances in Scotland. Moreover, the situation is always bad when the witches meet. Sleep Sleep is also a significant motif running throughout the play. It becomes recurrent when different characters express their desire for sleep. It happens that Lady Macbeth, who appears in almost every other theme and motif, is again in the motif of sleeplessness. This motif is signifying how weak and frail creature loses her sleep due to the crimes committed by her. In other words, it shows that the enormity of the crime has devoid Lady Macbeth of her sleep. She clearly says in the second act that she has heard "Sleep no more." Blood Although blood is not such a significant theme, it is, however, a significant motif in the play. This word first appears when King Duncan is murdered. However, this word has appeared in Lady Macbeth's utterance, who says "Who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him." It seems a very cruel utterance. However, as an essential ingredient of our physical living, blood can be "thick" or "thin" as Lady Macbeth often makes reference to it, according to the thinking of the person.