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Britain

Britain

 The British Commonwealth:
● Many former colonies remain part of an organization called Commonwealth of Nations
Way of maintaining economic

Britain

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Meli

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11/12/13

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Political system, Monarchy, Brexit, Multiculturalism, British Council, Commonwealth

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The British Commonwealth: ● Many former colonies remain part of an organization called Commonwealth of Nations Way of maintaining economic ties with former colonies that are now independent states "The sun never sets", (height in 1920 covered sixth of landmass, 500 mio people) Broke apart after WW2 54 countries, 1.5 billion people, 30% of population, Queen E 2. head of state in 16 countries ● ● ● Governmental system Parliamentary democracy = parliament has supreme authority in all political matters -> where new laws are made, and political issues are discussed ● Role of the Queen/King ● ● No political power, takes on social duties (strictly neutral in terms of politics) Head of state but is chiefly a ceremonial position Represent the country at home and abroad Small part in political sphere: Officially appoints Britain Officially appoints (Recommended by PM) Is accountable to elects Opens parliament each year Appoints Prime Minister Sings bills to became law Once a week meeting with PM Monarch Official head of state, mostly representative functions The Government Prime minister Head of the government Leader of the strongest party in the house of commons Cabinet About 20 of the most important ministers Parliament House of lords ca. 700 members (life peers, hereditary peers, Anglican bishops) House of commons 650 MPs from constituencies make laws Electorate all men and women over the age of 18 Parliament Consist of two chambers: meet at the palace of Westminster 1. House of Lords Life peers: appointed by monarch Hereditary peers:...

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passed on from generation to generation Anglican bishops: church members Limited power 2. House of Common Members of parliament, elected by citizen every 5 years Meet to debate current issues, discuss policy and make laws First past the post system The candidate with the most votes wins the election (one winner) General elections of the PM Not everybody is represented by the candidate Government Prime Minister In press often referred to as "Number 10", after its address at 10 Dowing Street Political Parties The Conservative Party Also known as the Tories Dave Cameron Traditionally they are a right-wing party that attracts middle- and upper-class votes Remains "Eurosceptic" Boris Johnson Liberal Democrats Both former Labour and more liberal Conservative voters Often described as a "center left" party Pro-Europe Liberal Democrats Cabinet Made up by members of Parliament who run the different governments departments Chancellor of the Executer (in charge of finance) Foreign Secretary (country's internal affairs) Minister named after Whitehall Street The Labour Party Labour Left wing party if the working classes with close connection to the trade unions Leader Tony Blair managed to attract a nice nudge class vote in additional to their traditional voters Stands for social justice, equality, strong sense of community More Pro-Europe than Conservatives PRO CON OF THE MONARCHY PRO Monarchs are more effective than presidents because they lack semblance of legitimacy Monarchs don't have any party connections or have been involved in daily politics Presidents are more likely to change the government without new elections Presidents make the public less politically engaged The UK monarchy is a powerful, profitable brand Royal brand value: 1,9 pounds Outweighs costs Tourism value of monarchy is a lot Queen was a much loved and respected figure across the globe Monarch does lot of charity work Royals keep alive a sense of history and identity Royals make politics more emotional The majority of people is for upkeeping the monarchy Might be protest when its abolished ● Comparable with Goethe-Institut ● British council is an establishment (Einrichtung) They support: CON Head of state role is more ceremonial than political High costs, paid for by taxpayers Royals play hardball with the media and demand official secrecy and control over their public image Connection to soft Power: Taxpayers lose about 468 million dollar a year just to have a head of state Boost in tourism has to be set against the high cost The crown damages democracy The head of state lacks independence or purpose, she can only do what she's told by the PM Power and privilege are inherited In democratic society is no room for HOS who's put there for birth, bloodline over talent Monarchy puts power in hands of people who weren't elected and can not be removed from office Nobody knows how well they do their job behind closed doors. We only see them cutting ribbons and keeping quiet Reinforces idea that some people are born better than others Prevents UK from maturing into a proper modern state Recently came out that lots of them are racist The British Council English lessons outside of the UK Teacher training Programs with art Exams (Cambridge Certificate), to give people Qualifications Positive relationships (cultural) => creates trust Basis for living in prosperity and security Art: important because it creates affection and artist are more creative and handle situations differently (they may find better solutions or ways) Multiculture Britain Def.: people from different cultures/ nationalities/religions live together in a society Possible models: Nation Poland India Pakistan Ireland Germany Romania 1. Salad bowl: society integrates different cultures, while maintaining their separate identities 2. Melting pot: society integrates different cultures by abandoning them and becoming one homogeneous group with a shared identity between 1960's and 1980's many Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshis immigrated to Britain cultural integration brought music, literature, art, sports, ... to Britain PRO enriches society: wide variety of culture interaction with people from different backgrounds => makes people more open minded, tolerant Business: foreign workers bring new perspective into workplace Exchange of ideas: more innovation, faster progress in science Can lead to more peaceful society More accepting of differences Living together allows to understand other cultures better => avoid wars, leads to mutual support % share of immigrant population 2018 Y-AXIS ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 9.50% 9.00% 5.90% 4.50% 3.30% 2.60% Poland Metaphor "Chicken Tikka Masala" (Robin Cook) Chicken Tikka => Indian dish Masala sauce=> added by Britain Better together than ingredients by themselves India Irland CON Diversity weakens national identity Too many different cultures, languages, religions divide country Rise in crime => immigrants, often live on lower social level which causes jealousy, and they often do not have a job due to language problems Many immigrants do not want to integrate into British society People from different cultures not always share the same values than the rest Can lead to conflicts/ racial tension 2nd generation kids have extreme pressure to succeed for their immigrant parents Cultures live more parallel than together came for economic reasons in 2011 In 2004 Poland became part of EU and before that it was not easy to get there - in Britain better economy - in India rules the Pyramid of society - in WW2 many colonies became independent because Britain spent all money on the war and had no money left for colonies - easy to move there in 60's but after that it got harder if you don't get any fam there - no language barrier => easy to immigrate - Geographical closeness - for economic reasons Brexit ● British exit from the EU - caused by a referendum in 2016 (52% won) Highly controversial (overall England & Wales pro, Scotland & Northern Irland against) Was Eu member from 1973 to 2020 ● ● Reasons: Political: immigration control Economical: free trade, EU memberships costs 350 million per Week Identity: Independence, self-determination Consequences: - Timeline: Less stability and safety Prices rise Travel/migration way more complicated Less influence on the world Led to more severe supply chain issues Loss of UK as a Member is significant for EU (UK has strong economy, military) 2016 UK votes pro Brexit 2017 Negotiations begin PRO - freedom of making own laws can decide about problems 2018 EU and UK agree on transition phase - becoming independent - national say on global rules - more freedom making important trade deals with China /India - less competition - less competition for British companies - more jobs for Britain. No foreign works are allowed Politics - UK can invest it's money in necessary things by eliminating need to pay money to EU - UK does not have to pay for problems/depts of other countries - British island mentality, pride as former empire nation can be kept - independent 2019 Britain starts leaving (Transition period) Economics CON - will not solve immigrant problem - important for countries work closely together in todays globalized world 2020 Transition period ends, Brexit is done - EU is strong economic, political power, 28 countries support each other - no real influence in world - won't be more connected with USA (not interested if UK is outside EU) - EU represents human rights, wrong to give up Society - banks will leave UK because there are greater advantages of trading within EU - worth of pound already sinking - traveling more difficult - less traveling->less tourism-> less money - big companies will leave UK student won't come to universities - 3 million jobs connected to EU - low-skilled jobs done by Britain now

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Britain

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Meli  

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 The British Commonwealth:
● Many former colonies remain part of an organization called Commonwealth of Nations
Way of maintaining economic

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Political system, Monarchy, Brexit, Multiculturalism, British Council, Commonwealth

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The British Commonwealth: ● Many former colonies remain part of an organization called Commonwealth of Nations Way of maintaining economic ties with former colonies that are now independent states "The sun never sets", (height in 1920 covered sixth of landmass, 500 mio people) Broke apart after WW2 54 countries, 1.5 billion people, 30% of population, Queen E 2. head of state in 16 countries ● ● ● Governmental system Parliamentary democracy = parliament has supreme authority in all political matters -> where new laws are made, and political issues are discussed ● Role of the Queen/King ● ● No political power, takes on social duties (strictly neutral in terms of politics) Head of state but is chiefly a ceremonial position Represent the country at home and abroad Small part in political sphere: Officially appoints Britain Officially appoints (Recommended by PM) Is accountable to elects Opens parliament each year Appoints Prime Minister Sings bills to became law Once a week meeting with PM Monarch Official head of state, mostly representative functions The Government Prime minister Head of the government Leader of the strongest party in the house of commons Cabinet About 20 of the most important ministers Parliament House of lords ca. 700 members (life peers, hereditary peers, Anglican bishops) House of commons 650 MPs from constituencies make laws Electorate all men and women over the age of 18 Parliament Consist of two chambers: meet at the palace of Westminster 1. House of Lords Life peers: appointed by monarch Hereditary peers:...

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Mit Knowunity erhältest du Lerninhalte von anderen Schüler:innen auf eine moderne und gewohnte Art und Weise, um bestmöglich zu lernen. Schüler:innen teilen ihr Wissen, tauschen sich aus und helfen sich gegenseitig.

Sicher und geprüft

Ob Zusammenfassungen, Übungen oder Lernzettel - Knowunity kuratiert alle Inhalte und schafft eine sichere Lernumgebung zu der Ihr Kind jederzeit Zugang hat.

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Alternativer Bildtext:

passed on from generation to generation Anglican bishops: church members Limited power 2. House of Common Members of parliament, elected by citizen every 5 years Meet to debate current issues, discuss policy and make laws First past the post system The candidate with the most votes wins the election (one winner) General elections of the PM Not everybody is represented by the candidate Government Prime Minister In press often referred to as "Number 10", after its address at 10 Dowing Street Political Parties The Conservative Party Also known as the Tories Dave Cameron Traditionally they are a right-wing party that attracts middle- and upper-class votes Remains "Eurosceptic" Boris Johnson Liberal Democrats Both former Labour and more liberal Conservative voters Often described as a "center left" party Pro-Europe Liberal Democrats Cabinet Made up by members of Parliament who run the different governments departments Chancellor of the Executer (in charge of finance) Foreign Secretary (country's internal affairs) Minister named after Whitehall Street The Labour Party Labour Left wing party if the working classes with close connection to the trade unions Leader Tony Blair managed to attract a nice nudge class vote in additional to their traditional voters Stands for social justice, equality, strong sense of community More Pro-Europe than Conservatives PRO CON OF THE MONARCHY PRO Monarchs are more effective than presidents because they lack semblance of legitimacy Monarchs don't have any party connections or have been involved in daily politics Presidents are more likely to change the government without new elections Presidents make the public less politically engaged The UK monarchy is a powerful, profitable brand Royal brand value: 1,9 pounds Outweighs costs Tourism value of monarchy is a lot Queen was a much loved and respected figure across the globe Monarch does lot of charity work Royals keep alive a sense of history and identity Royals make politics more emotional The majority of people is for upkeeping the monarchy Might be protest when its abolished ● Comparable with Goethe-Institut ● British council is an establishment (Einrichtung) They support: CON Head of state role is more ceremonial than political High costs, paid for by taxpayers Royals play hardball with the media and demand official secrecy and control over their public image Connection to soft Power: Taxpayers lose about 468 million dollar a year just to have a head of state Boost in tourism has to be set against the high cost The crown damages democracy The head of state lacks independence or purpose, she can only do what she's told by the PM Power and privilege are inherited In democratic society is no room for HOS who's put there for birth, bloodline over talent Monarchy puts power in hands of people who weren't elected and can not be removed from office Nobody knows how well they do their job behind closed doors. We only see them cutting ribbons and keeping quiet Reinforces idea that some people are born better than others Prevents UK from maturing into a proper modern state Recently came out that lots of them are racist The British Council English lessons outside of the UK Teacher training Programs with art Exams (Cambridge Certificate), to give people Qualifications Positive relationships (cultural) => creates trust Basis for living in prosperity and security Art: important because it creates affection and artist are more creative and handle situations differently (they may find better solutions or ways) Multiculture Britain Def.: people from different cultures/ nationalities/religions live together in a society Possible models: Nation Poland India Pakistan Ireland Germany Romania 1. Salad bowl: society integrates different cultures, while maintaining their separate identities 2. Melting pot: society integrates different cultures by abandoning them and becoming one homogeneous group with a shared identity between 1960's and 1980's many Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshis immigrated to Britain cultural integration brought music, literature, art, sports, ... to Britain PRO enriches society: wide variety of culture interaction with people from different backgrounds => makes people more open minded, tolerant Business: foreign workers bring new perspective into workplace Exchange of ideas: more innovation, faster progress in science Can lead to more peaceful society More accepting of differences Living together allows to understand other cultures better => avoid wars, leads to mutual support % share of immigrant population 2018 Y-AXIS ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 9.50% 9.00% 5.90% 4.50% 3.30% 2.60% Poland Metaphor "Chicken Tikka Masala" (Robin Cook) Chicken Tikka => Indian dish Masala sauce=> added by Britain Better together than ingredients by themselves India Irland CON Diversity weakens national identity Too many different cultures, languages, religions divide country Rise in crime => immigrants, often live on lower social level which causes jealousy, and they often do not have a job due to language problems Many immigrants do not want to integrate into British society People from different cultures not always share the same values than the rest Can lead to conflicts/ racial tension 2nd generation kids have extreme pressure to succeed for their immigrant parents Cultures live more parallel than together came for economic reasons in 2011 In 2004 Poland became part of EU and before that it was not easy to get there - in Britain better economy - in India rules the Pyramid of society - in WW2 many colonies became independent because Britain spent all money on the war and had no money left for colonies - easy to move there in 60's but after that it got harder if you don't get any fam there - no language barrier => easy to immigrate - Geographical closeness - for economic reasons Brexit ● British exit from the EU - caused by a referendum in 2016 (52% won) Highly controversial (overall England & Wales pro, Scotland & Northern Irland against) Was Eu member from 1973 to 2020 ● ● Reasons: Political: immigration control Economical: free trade, EU memberships costs 350 million per Week Identity: Independence, self-determination Consequences: - Timeline: Less stability and safety Prices rise Travel/migration way more complicated Less influence on the world Led to more severe supply chain issues Loss of UK as a Member is significant for EU (UK has strong economy, military) 2016 UK votes pro Brexit 2017 Negotiations begin PRO - freedom of making own laws can decide about problems 2018 EU and UK agree on transition phase - becoming independent - national say on global rules - more freedom making important trade deals with China /India - less competition - less competition for British companies - more jobs for Britain. No foreign works are allowed Politics - UK can invest it's money in necessary things by eliminating need to pay money to EU - UK does not have to pay for problems/depts of other countries - British island mentality, pride as former empire nation can be kept - independent 2019 Britain starts leaving (Transition period) Economics CON - will not solve immigrant problem - important for countries work closely together in todays globalized world 2020 Transition period ends, Brexit is done - EU is strong economic, political power, 28 countries support each other - no real influence in world - won't be more connected with USA (not interested if UK is outside EU) - EU represents human rights, wrong to give up Society - banks will leave UK because there are greater advantages of trading within EU - worth of pound already sinking - traveling more difficult - less traveling->less tourism-> less money - big companies will leave UK student won't come to universities - 3 million jobs connected to EU - low-skilled jobs done by Britain now