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The Elizabethan view of the world: The Great Chain of Being

The Elizabethan view of the world: The Great Chain of Being

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>Elizabethan view of the world
The Great Chain of Being
>Definiton
The Chain of Being is an interconnected web of grea

The Elizabethan view of the world: The Great Chain of Being

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11/12/13

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English Presentation >Elizabethan view of the world The Great Chain of Being >Definiton The Chain of Being is an interconnected web of greater and lesser links that organized the world, spanning from God all the way down to minerals Each link in the Chain was an individual species of being, creature or object The links higher up on the Chain had greater intellect, mobility and capability than the links on the lower end of the Chain Therefore, the higher links had more authority over the lower links Every being in creation had its place within this Chain, which encompassed a certain degree of authority and a certain degree of responsibility to the rest of the Chain Rational order and the divine love were two unifying principle that held the Chain of Being together As long as each being knew its place and did its destined duty for the rest of the Chain, all would be well >The divine Right of Kings God established order in the world Universal disorder would come with any attempt to break the Great Chain of Being The King was said to have been a God-chosen Any violation of the King's position/authority, via rebellion or assassination, would result in chaos, because it was basically rebellion against the creator and author of this ordered universe, God It was committing a...

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sin against God >Divisons: God At once at the top of the Chain of Being Believed to stand outside the physical limitation of time Possessed reason, love and imagination like all spiritual beings, but alone possessed the divine attributes of omnipotence, omniscience and omnipresence considered to be the strongest, most virtuous and most excellent type of being Serves as the model of authority >Divisions: Angels Beings of pure spirit Had no physical bodies To visit the physical world, they supposedly built temporary bodies out of particles of air Like God, they had reason, love and imagination and stand outside the physical limitation of time - Unlike God, they lacked the divine attributes of omnipotence, omniscience and omnipresence - Lacked the physical passions experienced by humans and animals They had sensory awareness unbound by physical organs and they possessed language >Divisions: Humans Had reason, love and imagination Like angels, were spiritual beings, but unlike angels, human souls were tied to a physical body So they were subject to passions and physical sensations just like other animals lower on the Chain of Being Pain, hunger, thirst and sexual - Had the ability to reproduce unlike the minerals and rocks Had a hard time balancing the divine and the animalistic parts of their nature An angel is only capable of intellectual sin such as pride, but humans were capable of intellectual sin and physical sins, if they let their internal animal overrule their divine reason Had sensory attributes Sight, touch, taste, hearing and smell, but unlike angels, sensory attributes were limited by physical organs The human primate was the King English Presentation >Elizabethan view of the world The Great Chain of Being >Divisions: Animals Like humans, capable of independent motion Had physical appetites and sensory attributes - Limited intelligence and awareness of their surroundings, and unlike humans, thought to lack spiritual and mental attributes - Immortal souls and the ability to use logic and language The primate of all animals was variously thought to be either the lion or the elephant The higher up the chart, the more noble, mobile strong, and intelligent the creature At the very bottom of the animal section, there are sessile creatures Oysters, clams and barnacles Like the plants below, these creatures lacked mobility and were thought to lack various sensory organs such as sight and hearing, but they were still considered superior to plants because they could touch and taste Mammalian Primate: Lion or Elephant Domesticated predators Dogs, cats Predatory mammals Wolves Domesticated Herbivores Horses, catlle, donkeys Wild herbivores Deer, rabbits Avian Primate: Eagle Birds of Prey Hawks, owls Carrion Birds Vultures, crows "Worm-eating" Birds Robin "Seed-eating" Birds Sparrow Piscine Primate: Whale or Dolphin Fish of various sizes and attributes >Divisions: Plants Like other living creatures, had the ability to grow in size and to reproduce - Lacked mental attributes and possessed no sensory organs, but could eat soil, air and heat Photosynthesis was poorly understood Had greater tolerances for heat and cold and immunity Each plant was also thought to be gifted with various edible or medicinal virtues unique to its own type Primate of plants: Oak Tree Trees Shrubs Bushes Cereal corps · Herbs Ferns - Weeds Fungus and Moss The Leaf and Blossom Lacking English Presentation >Elizabethan view of the world The Great Chain of Being >Divisions: Minerals The lowest of elements Didn't have the plant's basic ability to grow and reproduce Lacked mental attributes and sensory organs found in beings higher on the Chain Unusual solidity and strength were their unique gifts Many minerals were thought to possess magical powers, particularly gems Soil, dust, sand and other minute particles make up the very bottom of the mineral section Lapidarical Primate Diamonds Rubies, Sapphires, topaz, Chrysolite, etc. Metallical Primate Gold Silver, Iron, Bronze, Copper, tin Geological Primate Marble Granite, Sandstone, Limestone, etc.

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The Elizabethan view of the world: The Great Chain of Being

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Dax  

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 English
Presentation
>Elizabethan view of the world
The Great Chain of Being
>Definiton
The Chain of Being is an interconnected web of grea

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English Presentation >Elizabethan view of the world The Great Chain of Being >Definiton The Chain of Being is an interconnected web of greater and lesser links that organized the world, spanning from God all the way down to minerals Each link in the Chain was an individual species of being, creature or object The links higher up on the Chain had greater intellect, mobility and capability than the links on the lower end of the Chain Therefore, the higher links had more authority over the lower links Every being in creation had its place within this Chain, which encompassed a certain degree of authority and a certain degree of responsibility to the rest of the Chain Rational order and the divine love were two unifying principle that held the Chain of Being together As long as each being knew its place and did its destined duty for the rest of the Chain, all would be well >The divine Right of Kings God established order in the world Universal disorder would come with any attempt to break the Great Chain of Being The King was said to have been a God-chosen Any violation of the King's position/authority, via rebellion or assassination, would result in chaos, because it was basically rebellion against the creator and author of this ordered universe, God It was committing a...

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sin against God >Divisons: God At once at the top of the Chain of Being Believed to stand outside the physical limitation of time Possessed reason, love and imagination like all spiritual beings, but alone possessed the divine attributes of omnipotence, omniscience and omnipresence considered to be the strongest, most virtuous and most excellent type of being Serves as the model of authority >Divisions: Angels Beings of pure spirit Had no physical bodies To visit the physical world, they supposedly built temporary bodies out of particles of air Like God, they had reason, love and imagination and stand outside the physical limitation of time - Unlike God, they lacked the divine attributes of omnipotence, omniscience and omnipresence - Lacked the physical passions experienced by humans and animals They had sensory awareness unbound by physical organs and they possessed language >Divisions: Humans Had reason, love and imagination Like angels, were spiritual beings, but unlike angels, human souls were tied to a physical body So they were subject to passions and physical sensations just like other animals lower on the Chain of Being Pain, hunger, thirst and sexual - Had the ability to reproduce unlike the minerals and rocks Had a hard time balancing the divine and the animalistic parts of their nature An angel is only capable of intellectual sin such as pride, but humans were capable of intellectual sin and physical sins, if they let their internal animal overrule their divine reason Had sensory attributes Sight, touch, taste, hearing and smell, but unlike angels, sensory attributes were limited by physical organs The human primate was the King English Presentation >Elizabethan view of the world The Great Chain of Being >Divisions: Animals Like humans, capable of independent motion Had physical appetites and sensory attributes - Limited intelligence and awareness of their surroundings, and unlike humans, thought to lack spiritual and mental attributes - Immortal souls and the ability to use logic and language The primate of all animals was variously thought to be either the lion or the elephant The higher up the chart, the more noble, mobile strong, and intelligent the creature At the very bottom of the animal section, there are sessile creatures Oysters, clams and barnacles Like the plants below, these creatures lacked mobility and were thought to lack various sensory organs such as sight and hearing, but they were still considered superior to plants because they could touch and taste Mammalian Primate: Lion or Elephant Domesticated predators Dogs, cats Predatory mammals Wolves Domesticated Herbivores Horses, catlle, donkeys Wild herbivores Deer, rabbits Avian Primate: Eagle Birds of Prey Hawks, owls Carrion Birds Vultures, crows "Worm-eating" Birds Robin "Seed-eating" Birds Sparrow Piscine Primate: Whale or Dolphin Fish of various sizes and attributes >Divisions: Plants Like other living creatures, had the ability to grow in size and to reproduce - Lacked mental attributes and possessed no sensory organs, but could eat soil, air and heat Photosynthesis was poorly understood Had greater tolerances for heat and cold and immunity Each plant was also thought to be gifted with various edible or medicinal virtues unique to its own type Primate of plants: Oak Tree Trees Shrubs Bushes Cereal corps · Herbs Ferns - Weeds Fungus and Moss The Leaf and Blossom Lacking English Presentation >Elizabethan view of the world The Great Chain of Being >Divisions: Minerals The lowest of elements Didn't have the plant's basic ability to grow and reproduce Lacked mental attributes and sensory organs found in beings higher on the Chain Unusual solidity and strength were their unique gifts Many minerals were thought to possess magical powers, particularly gems Soil, dust, sand and other minute particles make up the very bottom of the mineral section Lapidarical Primate Diamonds Rubies, Sapphires, topaz, Chrysolite, etc. Metallical Primate Gold Silver, Iron, Bronze, Copper, tin Geological Primate Marble Granite, Sandstone, Limestone, etc.